October 20, 1854 - Alphonse Allais, French author/humorist

October 20, 1871 - Frederick Burton, American actor

October 20, 1882 - Bela Lugosi [Blaskó], Austrian actor

October 20, 1884 - Thomas Chalmers, American opera singer, actor, and filmmaker

October 20, 1889 - Margaret Dumont, American actress and Marx Brothers' comic foil

October 20, 1893 - Charley Chase, American comedian, actor and director

October 20, 1894 - Olive Thomas, American actress

October 20, 1895 - Rex Ingram, American actor

October 20, 1902 - Addison Richards, American actor

October 20, 1903 - John Lodge, American actor and politician (79th Governor of Connecticut)

October 20, 1904 - Anna Neagle, English actress

October 20, 1907 - Arlene Francis, American actress and radio and television personality

October 20, 1911 - Will Rogers Jr, American politician writer, political commentator, and actor (Down to Earth)

October 20, 1913 - Barney Phillips [Bernard Philip Ofner], American actor

October 20, 1914 - Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers and actor

October 20, 1918 - Anton Diffring [Alfred Pollack], German character actor

October 20, 1922 - John Anderson, American actor

October 20, 1923 - Herschel Bernardi, American actor

October 20, 1925 - Roger Hanin, French actor

October 20, 1932 - William Christopher, American comedian and actor

October 20, 1934 - Michael Dunn, Shattuck OK, actor

October 20, 1934 - Timothy West, English actor

October 20, 1935 - Jerry Orbach, actor

October 20, 1942 - Earl Hindman, Bisbee AZ, actor

October 20, 1945 - Hector the Bulldog, Warner Bros. cartoon character, first debuts in "Peck Up Your Troubles"

October 20, 1952 - Melanie Mayron, actress

October 20, 1953 - Bill Nunn, American actor

October 20, 1955 - Robert ten Brink, Dutch TV host/cabaret artist

October 20, 1956 - Danny Boyle, English film director

October 20, 1957 - Susanna Haavisto, Finnish actress and singer

October 20, 1958 - Eric Scott, actor

October 20, 1958 - Valerie Faris, American film director

October 20, 1958 - Viggo Mortensen, American Actor

October 20, 1959 - Mark Little, Australian actor and comedian

October 20, 1959 - Razor Ramon, [Scott Hall], wrestler

October 20, 1961 - Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress

October 20, 1965 - William Zabka, American actor

October 20, 1967 - Susan Tulley, British actress

October 20, 1967 - Luigi Lo Cascio, Italian actor

October 20, 1967 - Luck Mervil, Québécois actor and singer

October 20, 1967 - Marco Ngai, Hong Kong actor

October 20, 1970 - Chavo Guerrero, Jr., American professional wrestler

October 20, 1978 - Michael Johns, American Idol finalist

October 20, 1979 - John Krasinski, American actor

October 20, 1983 - Takayuki Yamada, Japanese actor

October 20, 1985 - Jennifer Nicole Freeman, American actress

October 20, 1986 - Priyanka Sharma, Indian actress

October 20, 1994 - Morgan Featherstone, Australian model

October 20, 1911 - Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210W 46th St, NYC, Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210W 46th St, NYC

October 20, 1930 - Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premieres on NBC radio, Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premieres on NBC radio

October 20, 1932 - Journalist Robert Trout joins CBS, Journalist Robert Trout joins CBS

October 20, 1947 - HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood, HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood

October 20, 1953 - WRAU (now WHOI) TV channel 19 in Peoria, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting, WRAU (now WHOI) TV channel 19 in Peoria, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting

October 20, 1955 - "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith, "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith

October 20, 1955 - Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London, Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

October 20, 1959 - WABG TV channel 6 in Greenwood-Greenville, MS (ABC) 1st broadcast, WABG TV channel 6 in Greenwood-Greenville, MS (ABC) 1st broadcast

October 20, 1963 - WITV TV channel 7 in Charleston, South Carolina (PBS) begins broadcasting, WITV TV channel 7 in Charleston, South Carolina (PBS) begins broadcasting

October 20, 1967 - KMXN (now KJTV) TV channel 34 in Lubbock, TX (IND) begins broadcasting, KMXN (now KJTV) TV channel 34 in Lubbock, TX (IND) begins broadcasting

October 20, 1967 - A purported bigfoot is filmed at Bluff Creek by Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin in Northern Califonia, A purported bigfoot is filmed at Bluff Creek by Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin in Northern Califonia

October 20, 1969 - WKYH (now WYMT) TV channel 57 in Hazard, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting, WKYH (now WYMT) TV channel 57 in Hazard, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting

October 20, 1973 - Mariette Hartley appears on Bob Newhart in "Have You Met Miss Dietz", Mariette Hartley appears on Bob Newhart in "Have You Met Miss Dietz"

October 20, 1979 - Bob Dylan appears on "Saturday Night Live", Bob Dylan appears on "Saturday Night Live"

October 20, 1998 - Comedian Richard Pryor is awarded the 1st ever Mark Twain Prize for American Humour, Comedian Richard Pryor is awarded the 1st ever Mark Twain Prize for American Humour

October 20, 2017 - "Coco" Pixar animated film, the first nine-figure budget film with all-Latino cast premieres at Morelia film festival, "Coco" Pixar animated film, the first nine-figure budget film with all-Latino cast premieres at Morelia film festival

October 20, 1788 - Philip Knapton, composer

October 20, 1792 - Anton Bernhard Furstenau, composer

October 20, 1819 - Karol Mikuli, composer

October 20, 1867 - Fini Henriques, Danish composer & violinist

October 20, 1874 - Charles Ives, American composer

October 20, 1877 - Josephine McGill, composer

October 20, 1884 - Thomas Chalmers, American opera singer, actor, and filmmaker

October 20, 1890 - Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton, jazz pianist/composer

October 20, 1900 - Rodolfo Halffter, composer

October 20, 1901 - Hans-Otto Borgmann, composer

October 20, 1908 - Stuart Hamblen, American singer and composer

October 20, 1909 - Monique Hare, French pianist

October 20, 1913 - Angelo Ephrikian, composer

October 20, 1913 - Grandpa [Louis M] Jones, Niagra KY, country musician

October 20, 1914 - Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers and actor

October 20, 1915 - Giora Schuster, composer

October 20, 1923 - Robert Craft, American conductor, writer and friend of Stravinsky

October 20, 1925 - Herman Roelstraete, composer

October 20, 1934 - Eddie Harris, saxophonist/composer

October 20, 1937 - Wanda Jackson, Maud Oklahoma, country singer

October 20, 1939 - Jay Siegel, rock bassist

October 20, 1939 - Raymond Jones, British keyboardist and songwriter

October 20, 1940 - Kathy Kirby, British singer

October 20, 1943 - Dunja Vejzovic, Croatian soprano

October 20, 1944 - William Hugh Albright, composer

October 20, 1945 - Ric Lee, rock drummer

October 20, 1945 - Thomas Pasatieri, composer

October 20, 1950 - Tom Petty, American classic rock singer

October 20, 1951 - Al Greenwood, keyboardist

October 20, 1954 - Steve Orich, orchestrator

October 20, 1955 - Thomas Newman, American composer

October 20, 1957 - Susanna Haavisto, Finnish actress and singer

October 20, 1958 - Ivo Pogorelić, Croatian pianist

October 20, 1958 - Mark King, bass/vocalist

October 20, 1958 - Ricky Byrd, rocker

October 20, 1960 - Lepa Brena, famous Yugoslav singer

October 20, 1962 - Steven R "Randy" Jackson, US percussionist/singer

October 20, 1965 - Norman Blake, Scottish musician

October 20, 1966 - Fred Coury, rocker

October 20, 1967 - Luck Mervil, Québécois actor and singer

October 20, 1971 - Dannii Minogue, Australian singer, sister of Kylie Minogue

October 20, 1971 - Snoop Dogg [Calvin Broadus], rapper

October 20, 1976 - Tom Wisniewski, American guitarist

October 20, 1977 - Leila Josefowicz, Canadian classical violinist

October 20, 1978 - Paul Wilson, Irish bass player

October 20, 1980 - Gary Jarman, English musician

October 20, 1983 - Alex Nackman, musician

October 20, 1988 - Risa Niigaki, Japanese singer

October 20, 1877 - Franz Schubert 's 2nd Symphony in B premieres, Franz Schubert 's 2nd Symphony in B premieres

October 20, 1934 - Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau", Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"

October 20, 1954 - "Peter Pan" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 149 performances, "Peter Pan" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 149 performances

October 20, 1955 - "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith, "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith

October 20, 1962 - Peter, Paul and Mary 's debut folk album "Peter, Paul and Mary" reaches No. 1 on US album charts, Peter, Paul and Mary 's debut folk album "Peter, Paul and Mary" reaches No. 1 on US album charts

October 20, 1962 - Musical "Mr President" opens at St James Theater New York for 265 performances, Musical "Mr President" opens at St James Theater New York for 265 performances

October 20, 1964 - "Golden Boy" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 569 performances, "Golden Boy" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 569 performances

October 20, 1964 - Riot at Rolling Stones show in Paris (150 arrested), Riot at Rolling Stones show in Paris (150 arrested)

October 20, 1965 - Beatles receive a gold record for "Yesterday", Beatles receive a gold record for "Yesterday"

October 20, 1968 - "Her 1st Roman" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 17 performances, "Her 1st Roman" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 17 performances

October 20, 1971 - "Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death" opens at Barrymore for 325 per, "Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death" opens at Barrymore for 325 per

October 20, 1973 - Queen Elizabeth II opens the Sydney Opera House Learn More >>, Queen Elizabeth II opens the Sydney Opera House Learn More >>

October 20, 1974 - Bard's presentation of "Richard III" opens at Lincoln Center NYC, Bard's presentation of "Richard III" opens at Lincoln Center NYC

October 20, 1977 - Six killed in Lynyrd Skynyrd plane crash in McComb, Mississippi including band members Ronnie Van Zant, Steve Gains, Cassie Gaines and Dean Kilpatrick, Six killed in Lynyrd Skynyrd plane crash in McComb, Mississippi including band members Ronnie Van Zant, Steve Gains, Cassie Gaines and Dean Kilpatrick

October 20, 1977 - Plane chartered by rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd crashes in a wooded area near Gillsburg, Mississippi, killing six, Plane chartered by rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd crashes in a wooded area near Gillsburg, Mississippi, killing six

October 20, 1979 - Bob Dylan appears on "Saturday Night Live", Bob Dylan appears on "Saturday Night Live"

October 20, 1987 - Geffen records release their first album, Donna Summer 's "The Wanderer", Geffen records release their first album, Donna Summer 's "The Wanderer"

October 20, 1991 - "Andre Heller's Wonderhouse" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 9 performances, "Andre Heller's Wonderhouse" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 9 performances

October 20, 1996 - "Summer & Smoke" closes at Criterion Theater NYC, "Summer & Smoke" closes at Criterion Theater NYC

October 20, 1859 - George Studd, English cricket batsman

October 20, 1877 - Alfred G. Vanderbilt Sr., American businessman and sportsman

October 20, 1896 - Nat Holman, basketball coach

October 20, 1917 - Ken Cranston, cricketer

October 20, 1926 - Ursula Happe, German 200m backstroke swimmer

October 20, 1931 - Mickey Mantle, American Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder

October 20, 1931 - Zeke Bratkowski, American NFL quarterback and coach

October 20, 1932 - Roosevelt Brown, Virginia, NFL hall of fame tackle

October 20, 1932 - Rosey Brown, American football player

October 20, 1937 - Juan Marichal, Hall of Fame baseball pitcher

October 20, 1946 - Lucien Van Impe, Belgian cyclist

October 20, 1948 - Andrei Suraikin, USSR, pairs figure skater

October 20, 1949 - Valery Borzov, USSR, 100m/200m dash

October 20, 1949 - Wayne Collett, American 400m runner

October 20, 1950 - Isaac Curtis, NFL wide receiver

October 20, 1951 - Claudio Ranieri, Italian football manager and player

October 20, 1952 - Dave Collins, baseball player

October 20, 1952 - Dave McLelland, Canadian NHL goaltender

October 20, 1953 - Keith Hernandez, MLB 1st baseman

October 20, 1954 - Suru Nayak, cricketer

October 20, 1955 - Aaron Pryor, American welterweight boxing champion

October 20, 1957 - Chris Cowdrey, English cricket batsman and captain

October 20, 1958 - Dave Krieg, NFL quarterback

October 20, 1959 - Janice McCaffrey, Canadian 10k walker

October 20, 1960 - Brian Hansen, American NFL punter

October 20, 1960 - Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player

October 20, 1961 - Ian Rush, Welsh footballer

October 20, 1962 - Ray Childress, NFL defensive tackle/defensive end

October 20, 1963 - Navjot Singh Sidhu, cricketer

October 20, 1963 - Nikos Tsiantakis, Greek footballer

October 20, 1965 - Amos Mansdorf, lsrael, tennis star

October 20, 1965 - Chad Hennings, NFL defensive tackle

October 20, 1965 - Mikhail Shtalenkov, NHL goalie

October 20, 1966 - Allan Donald, cricketer

October 20, 1966 - Erin Deiters, WPVA volleyballer

October 20, 1967 - Harvey Pulliam, outfielder

October 20, 1968 - Raymond Biggs, CFL linebacker

October 20, 1969 - Chantel Tremitiere, WNBA guard

October 20, 1969 - Guillermo Perez-Roldan, Argentina, tennis star

October 20, 1969 - Herman Moore, NFL wide receiver

October 20, 1969 - Juan Gonzalez, Vega Baja Puerto Rico, outfielder

October 20, 1969 - Laurie Daley, Australian rugby league footballer

October 20, 1970 - Greg Primus, NFL wide receiver

October 20, 1970 - Sander Boschke, soccer player

October 20, 1970 - Shane George, cricketer

October 20, 1971 - Eddie Jones, NBA guard/forward

October 20, 1971 - Kimberly Po, tennis star

October 20, 1972 - Dexter Coakley, linebacker

October 20, 1972 - Oleg Fediukov, dance skater

October 20, 1972 - Will Greenwood, English rugby union player

October 20, 1973 - Scott Goodman, Hobart Tasmania Aus, 200m butterfly swimmer

October 20, 1974 - Ayelet Ohayon, Israel, Women's foil fencer

October 20, 1974 - Jerald Honeycutt, NBA forward

October 20, 1976 - Reidel Anthony, wide receiver

October 20, 1977 - Matt Jansen, English footballer

October 20, 1978 - Virender Sehwag, Indian cricketer

October 20, 1979 - Paul Ifill, Barbadian footballer

October 20, 1979 - Paul O'Connell, Irish rugby player

October 20, 1980 - Jose Veras, Dominican baseball player

October 20, 1981 - Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Greek footballer

October 20, 1981 - Francisco Javier Rodríguez, Mexican footballer

October 20, 1981 - Willis McGahee, American football player

October 20, 1982 - Yasser Al-Qahtani, Saudi footballer

October 20, 1983 - Luis Saritama, Ecuadorian footballer

October 20, 1984 - Florent Sinama-Pongolle, French footballer

October 20, 1984 - Andrew Trimble, Northern Irish rugby player for Irish rugby team

October 20, 1985 - Dominic McGuire, American basketball player

October 20, 1985 - James Sutton, British auto racer

October 20, 1988 - Ma Long, Chinese table tennis player

October 20, 1992 - Danielle Kang, American golfer

October 20, 1906 - William "Buck" Ewing, hall of fame catcher

October 20, 1941 - Ken Farnes 15 Tests for England, cricketer (60 wickets), dies

October 20, 1954 - Willie Shaw, race car driver

October 20, 1994 - Sergei F Bondartsjoek, actor and director

October 20, 1999 - Calvin Griffith, Canadian baseball team owner

October 20, 2004 - Chuck Hiller, American MLB second baseman

October 20, 2007 - Max McGee, American football player

October 20, 2008 - Gene Hickerson, American football Hall of Famer

October 20, 2010 - Parthasarathy Sharma, Indian cricketer

October 20, 1888 - Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ, Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ

October 20, 1899 - Columbia (US) beats Shamrock (England) in 11th America's Cup, Columbia (US) beats Shamrock (England) in 11th America's Cup

October 20, 1910 - 1st appearance of cork centered baseball in World Series, 1st appearance of cork centered baseball in World Series

October 20, 1910 - Soccer team KFC forms in Alkmaar, Soccer team KFC forms in Alkmaar

October 20, 1912 - Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2), Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)

October 20, 1924 - 1st Negro League World Series: KC Monarchs shuts out Hilldales, 5-0, 1st Negro League World Series: KC Monarchs shuts out Hilldales, 5-0

October 20, 1934 - MLB All-Star team led by Connie Mack and including Babe Ruth , Jimmie Foxx and Lou Gehrig sails to Japan for 18-game series against Big-Six University League, MLB All-Star team led by Connie Mack and including Babe Ruth , Jimmie Foxx and Lou Gehrig sails to Japan for 18-game series against Big-Six University League

October 20, 1935 - Hank Greenberg is named AL MVP by the BBWAA, Wes Ferrell is runner-up, Hank Greenberg is named AL MVP by the BBWAA, Wes Ferrell is runner-up

October 20, 1946 - Frank Seno returns kickoff 105 yd, Chicago Cards vs NY Giants, Frank Seno returns kickoff 105 yd, Chicago Cards vs NY Giants

October 20, 1947 - Radio rights for the World Series sell for $475,000 for 3 years, Radio rights for the World Series sell for $475,000 for 3 years

October 20, 1963 - Jim Brown sets NFL single-season rushing record, 1,863 yds, Jim Brown sets NFL single-season rushing record, 1,863 yds

October 20, 1964 - Ann Packer of Great Britain runs a world record 2:01.1 to win the women's 800m gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics, Ann Packer of Great Britain runs a world record 2:01.1 to win the women's 800m gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics

October 20, 1964 - Tamara Press of the Soviet Union wins her second gold medal in 2 days by taking out the women's shot put at the Tokyo Olympics; Press' second consecutive Olympic shot put title, Tamara Press of the Soviet Union wins her second gold medal in 2 days by taking out the women's shot put at the Tokyo Olympics; Press' second consecutive Olympic shot put title

October 20, 1965 - 19th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: All-Stars beat Montreal Canadiens, 5-2; MVP: Henri Richard , Montreal, C, 19th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: All-Stars beat Montreal Canadiens, 5-2; MVP: Henri Richard , Montreal, C

October 20, 1967 - Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A's, Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A's

October 20, 1968 - Mamo Wolde wins 16th Olympic marathon (2:20:26.4), Mamo Wolde wins 16th Olympic marathon (2:20:26.4)

October 20, 1968 - Kenyan runner Kip Keino wins 1,500m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics in 3:34.91 despite a severe gall bladder infection, Kenyan runner Kip Keino wins 1,500m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics in 3:34.91 despite a severe gall bladder infection

October 20, 1968 - American Dick Fosbury using his unconventional technique wins the men's high jump gold medal with 2.24m at the Mexico City Olympics; "Fosbury Flop" becomes accepted most efficient technique, American Dick Fosbury using his unconventional technique wins the men's high jump gold medal with 2.24m at the Mexico City Olympics; "Fosbury Flop" becomes accepted most efficient technique

October 20, 1968 - American sprinter Jim Hines anchors US men's 4 x 100m relay team to win his second gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; with team mates Charles Greene, Mel Pender & Ronnie Ray Smith sets world record 38.24s, American sprinter Jim Hines anchors US men's 4 x 100m relay team to win his second gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; with team mates Charles Greene, Mel Pender & Ronnie Ray Smith sets world record 38.24s

October 20, 1968 - US men's 4 x 400m relay team of Vincent Matthews, Ron Freeman, Larry James & Lee Evans runs world record 2:56.16; easily beats Kenya & West Germany into the minor medals at the Mexico City Olympics, US men's 4 x 400m relay team of Vincent Matthews, Ron Freeman, Larry James & Lee Evans runs world record 2:56.16; easily beats Kenya & West Germany into the minor medals at the Mexico City Olympics

October 20, 1968 - US women's 4 x 100m relay team sets world record 42.88s to win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; Margaret Bailes, Barbara Ferrell, Mildrette Netter & Wyomia Tyus, US women's 4 x 100m relay team sets world record 42.88s to win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; Margaret Bailes, Barbara Ferrell, Mildrette Netter & Wyomia Tyus

October 20, 1968 - Margitta Gummel of East Germany throws world record 19.61m to beat team mate Marita Lange by 0.83m and win the women's shot put gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics, Margitta Gummel of East Germany throws world record 19.61m to beat team mate Marita Lange by 0.83m and win the women's shot put gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics

October 20, 1973 - President Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe greatest athlete of 1st ½ century, President Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe greatest athlete of 1st ½ century

October 20, 1976 - NY Nets Julius "Dr J" Erving sold to Philadelphia 76ers, NY Nets Julius "Dr J" Erving sold to Philadelphia 76ers

October 20, 1979 - John Tate beats Gerrie Coetze in 15 for heavyweight boxing title, John Tate beats Gerrie Coetze in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

October 20, 1981 - 1st NBA game at Meadowlands Arena, NJ Nets lose to NY Knicks 103-99, 1st NBA game at Meadowlands Arena, NJ Nets lose to NY Knicks 103-99

October 20, 1982 - Billy Martin fired as manager of Oakland A's, Billy Martin fired as manager of Oakland A's

October 20, 1982 - St Louis Cards beat Milwaukee Brewers, 4 games to 3 in 79th World Series, St Louis Cards beat Milwaukee Brewers, 4 games to 3 in 79th World Series

October 20, 1982 - During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster., During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.

October 20, 1984 - Islander's Mike Bossy 's 30th career hat trick-4 goals, Islander's Mike Bossy 's 30th career hat trick-4 goals

October 20, 1988 - LA Dodgers beat Oakland A's in baseball's 85th World Series 4 games to 1, LA Dodgers beat Oakland A's in baseball's 85th World Series 4 games to 1

October 20, 1988 - Reggie Rogers, Det Lion's # 1 pick, kills 3 by driving intoxicated, Reggie Rogers, Det Lion's # 1 pick, kills 3 by driving intoxicated

October 20, 1990 - Cincinnati beats A's, 2-1 in Game 4 at Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum to sweep Oakland and win Reds' 5th Baseball World Series; Reds' pitcher José Rijo MVP, Cincinnati beats A's, 2-1 in Game 4 at Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum to sweep Oakland and win Reds' 5th Baseball World Series; Reds' pitcher José Rijo MVP

October 20, 1991 - Brazilian McLaren driver Ayrton Senna clinches his 2nd straight, and 3rd overall F1 World Drivers Championship by finishing 2nd in the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka, Brazilian McLaren driver Ayrton Senna clinches his 2nd straight, and 3rd overall F1 World Drivers Championship by finishing 2nd in the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka

October 20, 1992 - 1st World Series game outside of US - Toronto beats Atlanta, 1st World Series game outside of US - Toronto beats Atlanta

October 20, 1993 - Highest scoring World Series game Blue Jays 15, Phillies 14 in 4h14m, Highest scoring World Series game Blue Jays 15, Phillies 14 in 4h14m

October 20, 1996 - Braves Andruw Jones is youngest player to homer in World Series, Braves Andruw Jones is youngest player to homer in World Series

October 20, 1996 - Wasim Akram (257) & Saqlain Mushtaq gets cricket Test record 313 for 8th wicket, vs Zimbabwe at Sheikhupura, Wasim Akram (257) & Saqlain Mushtaq gets cricket Test record 313 for 8th wicket, vs Zimbabwe at Sheikhupura

October 20, 1997 - Richard Gnida, Limo driver in Detroit Red Wings crash, pleads guilty, Richard Gnida, Limo driver in Detroit Red Wings crash, pleads guilty

October 20, 2001 - Despite 20-14 final round loss to Ireland in Dublin, England retains Six Nations Rugby Championship; set new records for points scored (229), tries scored (29) and overall points-difference (+149), Despite 20-14 final round loss to Ireland in Dublin, England retains Six Nations Rugby Championship; set new records for points scored (229), tries scored (29) and overall points-difference (+149)

October 20, 2004 - MLB American League Championship: Boston Red Sox come back from 0-3 to beat New York Yankees, 4 games to 3, MLB American League Championship: Boston Red Sox come back from 0-3 to beat New York Yankees, 4 games to 3

October 20, 2007 - 6th Rugby World Cup Final, Stade de France, Saint-Denis: Springboks fullback Percy Montgomery lands 4/4 penalties as South Africa beats England, 15-6, 6th Rugby World Cup Final, Stade de France, Saint-Denis: Springboks fullback Percy Montgomery lands 4/4 penalties as South Africa beats England, 15-6

October 20, 2018 - All-England Lawn Tennis Club announces tie break to be used when scores reach 12-12 in deciding set at Wimbledon, All-England Lawn Tennis Club announces tie break to be used when scores reach 12-12 in deciding set at Wimbledon

October 20, 1435 - Andrea Della Robbia, Florence, sculptor, nephew of Luca

October 20, 1475 - Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet

October 20, 1496 - Claude de Lutherans, duke of Guise

October 20, 1616 - Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian

October 20, 1620 - Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter

October 20, 1632 - Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect

October 20, 1637 - Nicolaas van der Veken, Flemish sculptor

October 20, 1656 - Nicolas de Largillière, French painter

October 20, 1660 - Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman

October 20, 1677 - Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland

October 20, 1679 - Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer

October 20, 1700 - Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans, Duchess of Modena

October 20, 1711 - Timothy Ruggles, American-

October 20, 1719 - Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer, statistician and economist

October 20, 1740 - Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer

October 20, 1751 - Hendrik van Stralen, Dutch politician

October 20, 1759 - Chauncey Goodrich, U.S. Senator from Connecticut

October 20, 1780 - M Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma/Guastalla

October 20, 1784 - Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, British Prime Minister

October 20, 1785 - George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian

October 20, 1792 - Colin Campbell/Lord Clyde, British officer

October 20, 1808 - Karl [Theodor] Andree, German geographer/journalist

October 20, 1812 - Austin Flint, 19th century heart research pioneer

October 20, 1819 - Daniel Edgar Sickles, American politician, diplomat and Major General

October 20, 1819 - The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith

October 20, 1820 - Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, Major General

October 20, 1820 - George Jerrison Stannard, American farmer, teacher, governmental official and Brevet Major General

October 20, 1822 - Mansfield Lovell, Major General, (d. 1884)

October 20, 1823 - Thomas Hughes, English politician and author

October 20, 1832 - Constantin Lipsius, German architect

October 20, 1843 - Victor de Stuers, Dutch art connoisseur

October 20, 1854 - Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer

October 20, 1858 - John Burns, English politician

October 20, 1859 - John Dewey, American philosopher, educational theorist and writer

October 20, 1864 - James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico

October 20, 1891 - James Chadwick, English physicist

October 20, 1891 - Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan leader and 1st President of Kenya

October 20, 1897 - Jevsei G Liberman, Ukrainian economist

October 20, 1897 - Crown Prince Eun of Korea, None

October 20, 1899 - Evelyn Brent, American actress

October 20, 1899 - Marnix Gijsen, [baron Jan-Albert Goris], Flemish writer

October 20, 1900 - Wayne Morse, None

October 20, 1904 - Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician

October 20, 1909 - Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese painter

October 20, 1917 - Efrain Jonckheer, premier Dutch Antilles

October 20, 1917 - Jean-Pierre Melville, director

October 20, 1918 - Robert Lochner, German journalist

October 20, 1919 - Tracy Hall, American inventor

October 20, 1921 - Hans Warren, Dutch writer/poet/critic

October 20, 1921 - Pierre Laporte, Canadian journalist/statesman

October 20, 1923 - Joe Minogue, journalist

October 20, 1924 - Kenneth WIlliam Gatland, aerospace scientist

October 20, 1924 - Stanley Eric Francis Booth-Clib, None

October 20, 1925 - Art Buchwald, columnist and author

October 20, 1925 - Tom Dowd, American recording engineer and producer

October 20, 1925 - Theodore Hall, American Physicist and atomic spy for the Soviet Union

October 20, 1927 - Oskar Pastior, Romanian-born in Sibiu (d. 2006)

October 20, 1927 - Joyce Brothers, American pop psychologist

October 20, 1928 - Li Peng, Chinese leader, Premier of China

October 20, 1931 - Ken Morrison, English supermarket maginate/multi-millionaire

October 20, 1934 - Michiko, empress of Japan

October 20, 1937 - Emma Tennant, English writer

October 20, 1938 - Iain Macmillan, Abbey Road photographer

October 20, 1940 - Robert Pinsky, American poet and Poet Laureate of the United States

October 20, 1945 - Vladimir Kozlov, Russian cosmonaut

October 20, 1946 - Elfriede Jelinek, writer

October 20, 1948 - Robert A Borski, None

October 20, 1951 - Patrick Hall, British politician

October 20, 1951 - Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish politician

October 20, 1952 - Mikhail Georgiyevich Potapov, Russian cosmonaut

October 20, 1954 - Günter Müller, German sound artist, improvisor and percussionist

October 20, 1955 - David Profumo, English novelist

October 20, 1958 - Lynn Flewelling, American fantasy author

October 20, 1959 - Shuping Wang, Chinese doctor who exposed China's HIV crisis

October 20, 1961 - Les Stroud, Canadian survival expert

October 20, 1963 - Julie Payette, astronaut

October 20, 1964 - Kamala Harris, American lawyer and politician, 1st African-American, Asian-American attorney general of California

October 20, 1966 - Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Al-Qaeda leader

October 20, 1966 - Stefan Raab, German entertainer

October 20, 1966 - Patrick J. Volkerding, Founder and maintainer of the Slackware Linux distribution

October 20, 1970 - Michelle Malkin, American political commentator and author

October 20, 460 - Eudocia Aelia Athenais, empress Oostromeinse Rich/poetess, dies

October 20, 1139 - Henry X the Trotse, duke of Bayern, dies

October 20, 1187 - Urban III, [Umberto Crivelli], Italian Pope, dies

October 20, 1268 - Conrad Hohenstaufen/Conradin, last Duke of Swabia, beheaded in Naples aged 16

October 20, 1274 - Engelbert II of Falkenburg, archbishop of Cologne, dies

October 20, 1438 - Jacopo di Piero della Quercia, Italian sculptor

October 20, 1525 - Joannes Custos, S Neth humanist

October 20, 1570 - João de Barros, Portuguese historian

October 20, 1631 - Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician

October 20, 1640 - John Ball, English Puritan clergyman

October 20, 1652 - Antonio Coello, Spanish writer

October 20, 1713 - Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician

October 20, 1740 - Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

October 20, 1765 - William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English supreme commander

October 20, 1794 - James Adam, System architect

October 20, 1842 - Grace Darling, English heroine

October 20, 1864 - Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American Major General

October 20, 1865 - Champ Ferguson, Confederate guerrilla

October 20, 1876 - Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, Dutch sociologist/historian

October 20, 1882 - Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina poet

October 20, 1890 - Richard Burton, English explorer and translator

October 20, 1894 - James Anthony Froude, English historian and novelist

October 20, 1896 - Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer

October 20, 1899 - Robert H "Bobby" Gunning, British colonel

October 20, 1900 - Charles Dudley Warner, American novelist

October 20, 1900 - Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer

October 20, 1907 - Said Pasha Kurd, Kurdish statesman

October 20, 1910 - David B. Hill, American politician and Governor of New York

October 20, 1913 - Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic

October 20, 1926 - Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate

October 20, 1929 - Rudolf Kittel, German theologist

October 20, 1935 - Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor

October 20, 1936 - Anne Sullivan [Johanna Macy], American teacher who educated Helen Keller

October 20, 1940 - Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect

October 20, 1950 - Henry L. Stimson, American statesman

October 20, 1953 - Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot

October 20, 1964 - Herbert Hoover, 31st President of US

October 20, 1964 - Miles WL Killearn of Killearn, baron/diplomat

October 20, 1967 - Yoshida Shigeru, Japanese politician and diplomat, Prime Minister of Japan

October 20, 1968 - Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, African-American TV preacher

October 20, 1972 - Harlow Shapley, American astronomer

October 20, 1983 - Yves Thériault, French Canadian author

October 20, 1984 - Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American bio-chemist – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy)

October 20, 1984 - Paul Dirac, English physicist

October 20, 1986 - Samora Machel, president of Mozambique

October 20, 1987 - Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician

October 20, 1988 - Sheila Scott, English aviator

October 20, 1990 - Bridget Bate Tichenor, Mexican surrealist painter

October 20, 1992 - Orton Chirwa, Malawi's lawyer/Justice minister

October 20, 1993 - Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese painter

October 20, 1994 - Sergei Bondarchuk, Soviet director

October 20, 1994 - Ivan Sviták, Czech philosopher and poet

October 20, 1994 - Francis Steegmuller, American biographer

October 20, 1995 - Bernadette Hingley, priest

October 20, 1996 - Bill Bedford, British test pilot

October 20, 1996 - Mary Tuck, British social researcher and civil servant

October 20, 2001 - Ted Ammon, American financier and investment banker, bludgeoned to death at 52

October 20, 2004 - Anthony Hecht, American poet

October 20, 2005 - Endon Mahmood, First Lady of Malaysia (b. 1941)

October 20, 2005 - Eva Svankmajerova, Czech artist

October 20, 2007 - Paul Raven, British bass-player (b. 1961)

October 20, 2010 - Bob Guccione, American publisher

October 20, 2010 - Farooq Leghari, 8th President of Pakistan

October 20, 2011 - Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, political theorist and dictator, beaten to death in captivity by a Misratan militia at between 68–71

October 20, 2011 - Moatassem Gaddafi, Son of Moammar Gaddafi and National Security Adviser of Libya

October 20, 2011 - Tone Pavček, Slovenian poet and translator

October 20, 2013 - Lawrence Klein, American economist who created computer models to forecast economic trends

October 20, 2014 - John Hoskyns, Policy Advisor to Margaret Thatcher

October 20, 2014 - Oscar de la Renta, Domincan American fashion designer

October 20, 2016 - Junko Tabei, Japanese mountain-climber, 1st woman to climb Mount Everest

October 20, 1097 - 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade, 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade

October 20, 1528 - Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders, Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders

October 20, 1536 - King Christian III of Denmark & Norway leads reform in Catholic possessions, King Christian III of Denmark & Norway leads reform in Catholic possessions

October 20, 1576 - Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht, Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht

October 20, 1587 - Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League, Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League

October 20, 1600 - Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns), Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)

October 20, 1603 - Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed, Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed

October 20, 1634 - British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax, British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

October 20, 1714 - Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I, Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I

October 20, 1740 - Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia, Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia

October 20, 1751 - Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort, Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort

October 20, 1774 - American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment, American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment

October 20, 1781 - Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy., Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy.

October 20, 1786 - Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US, Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US

October 20, 1803 - US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase, US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase

October 20, 1813 - Kingdom of Westphalia abolished, Kingdom of Westphalia abolished

October 20, 1817 - 1st Mississippi "Showboat" leaves Nashville on maiden voyage, 1st Mississippi "Showboat" leaves Nashville on maiden voyage

October 20, 1818 - 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada, 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada

October 20, 1818 - US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country, US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country

October 20, 1820 - Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million, Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million

October 20, 1822 - 1st edition of London Sunday Times, 1st edition of London Sunday Times

October 20, 1827 - Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet, Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet

October 20, 1835 - HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago to sail to Tahiti, HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago to sail to Tahiti

October 20, 1839 - Margaret Fuller is appointed editor of new US Transcendental Magazine "The Dial", Margaret Fuller is appointed editor of new US Transcendental Magazine "The Dial"

October 20, 1843 - 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname, 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname

October 20, 1847 - 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case, 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case

October 20, 1856 - Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens, Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens

October 20, 1862 - Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname, Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname

October 20, 1864 - US President Abraham Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday, US President Abraham Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday

October 20, 1880 - Amsterdam Free University opens, Amsterdam Free University opens

October 20, 1883 - Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed, Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed

October 20, 1883 - Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile, Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile

October 20, 1889 - Gerhart Hauptmann 's play "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin, Gerhart Hauptmann 's play "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

October 20, 1891 - 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins, 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins

October 20, 1898 - NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms, NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms

October 20, 1899 - Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers, Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers

October 20, 1902 - The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France, The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France

October 20, 1903 - US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada, US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada

October 20, 1904 - Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; recognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast, Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; recognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast

October 20, 1905 - Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days, Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days

October 20, 1905 - Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland, Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland

October 20, 1906 - Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube), Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)

October 20, 1908 - King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium, King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium

October 20, 1910 - The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland., The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland.

October 20, 1911 - Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole, Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole

October 20, 1912 - Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC, Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC

October 20, 1917 - US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington, US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington

October 20, 1918 - In order to secure a WWI armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions Learn More >>, In order to secure a WWI armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions Learn More >>

October 20, 1920 - "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC, "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC

October 20, 1921 - Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden, Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden

October 20, 1921 - The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border, The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border

October 20, 1922 - Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place, Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place

October 20, 1926 - Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600, Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600

October 20, 1928 - Wien Alaska Airways, Inc. incorporated; the first airline in Alaska and one of the 1st in the US with Noel Wien as president, Wien Alaska Airways, Inc. incorporated; the first airline in Alaska and one of the 1st in the US with Noel Wien as president

October 20, 1929 - Bayshore Highway opens (San Francisco), Bayshore Highway opens (San Francisco)

October 20, 1930 - British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land, British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land

October 20, 1931 - Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP, Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP

October 20, 1935 - 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid, 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid

October 20, 1935 - Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels, Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels

October 20, 1935 - Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence, Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

October 20, 1936 - Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL, Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL

October 20, 1936 - Spanish government moves to Barcelona, Spanish government moves to Barcelona

October 20, 1939 - "All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orch, "All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orch

October 20, 1939 - Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus, Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus

October 20, 1940 - Cheese rationed in Netherlands, Cheese rationed in Netherlands

October 20, 1940 - Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands, Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands

October 20, 1941 - Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia, Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia

October 20, 1942 - "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations, "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations

October 20, 1944 - Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless, Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless

October 20, 1944 - Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala, Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala

October 20, 1944 - Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade, Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade

October 20, 1944 - US 1st army wins battle of Aachen, US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

October 20, 1944 - US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte Learn More >>, US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte Learn More >>

October 20, 1947 - Robinson Jeffer's "Medea" premieres in NYC, Robinson Jeffer's "Medea" premieres in NYC

October 20, 1949 - Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark), Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

October 20, 1950 - Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry., Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.

October 20, 1951 - The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma, The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma

October 20, 1952 - Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya, Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya

October 20, 1955 - Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song), Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)

October 20, 1955 - Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan, Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan

October 20, 1956 - 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high), 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)

October 20, 1956 - Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft, Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft

October 20, 1957 - Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt, Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt

October 20, 1957 - Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary, Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

October 20, 1957 - Lester B. Pearson is the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his aid in resolving the Suez Crisis, Lester B. Pearson is the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his aid in resolving the Suez Crisis

October 20, 1959 - Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise, Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise

October 20, 1960 - 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI, 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI

October 20, 1960 - Ralph Houk, 41, replaces Casey Stengel as Yankee manager, Ralph Houk, 41, replaces Casey Stengel as Yankee manager

October 20, 1962 - Chinese army lands in India, Chinese army lands in India

October 20, 1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

October 20, 1963 - Alec Douglas-Home forms British government, Alec Douglas-Home forms British government

October 20, 1963 - France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria, France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

October 20, 1963 - South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy, South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy

October 20, 1964 - Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ, Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ

October 20, 1965 - Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia, Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia

October 20, 1966 - Nobel Prize for Literature awarded jointly to Jewish writers Shmuel Yosef Agnon and Nelly Sachs, Nobel Prize for Literature awarded jointly to Jewish writers Shmuel Yosef Agnon and Nelly Sachs

October 20, 1967 - All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi, All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi

October 20, 1970 - American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

October 20, 1970 - Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return), Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return)

October 20, 1971 - West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize, West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize

October 20, 1971 - The Nepal stock exchange collapses., The Nepal stock exchange collapses.

October 20, 1971 - Senator in the US Congress Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland, Senator in the US Congress Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland

October 20, 1972 - Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia, Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia

October 20, 1972 - John Betjeman is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II, John Betjeman is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

October 20, 1973 - OPEC oil embargo begins, OPEC oil embargo begins

October 20, 1973 - US President Nixon fires Watergate accuser Archibald Cox, US President Nixon fires Watergate accuser Archibald Cox

October 20, 1973 - President Nixon discharges Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox and accepts the resignations of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus, President Nixon discharges Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox and accepts the resignations of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus

October 20, 1973 - The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass, The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass

October 20, 1974 - 1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF, 1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF

October 20, 1975 - Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning, Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning

October 20, 1975 - Soviet orbiter Venera 9 becomes the 1st spacecraft to orbit Venus, Soviet orbiter Venera 9 becomes the 1st spacecraft to orbit Venus

October 20, 1976 - 70 die as Norwegian tanker Frosta collides with George Prince, 70 die as Norwegian tanker Frosta collides with George Prince

October 20, 1977 - David Mamet's "Life in the Theater" premieres in NYC, David Mamet's "Life in the Theater" premieres in NYC

October 20, 1977 - Hamilton Deane & John Balderstons "Dracula" premieres in NYC, Hamilton Deane & John Balderstons "Dracula" premieres in NYC

October 20, 1978 - Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government, Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government

October 20, 1978 - Police's 1st US concert (NYC's CBGBs), Police's 1st US concert (NYC's CBGBs)

October 20, 1978 - US dollar devalued below Dutch Ÿ2, US dollar devalued below Dutch Ÿ2

October 20, 1979 - John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston, John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston

October 20, 1981 - 3 members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery, 3 members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery

October 20, 1981 - Bomb attack on Antwerp Belgium synagogue, 1 dead, 80 injured, Bomb attack on Antwerp Belgium synagogue, 1 dead, 80 injured

October 20, 1982 - Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to George Stigler, Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to George Stigler

October 20, 1982 - Sri Lanka President Jayewardene re-elected, Sri Lanka President Jayewardene re-elected

October 20, 1983 - IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released, IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released

October 20, 1984 - Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed, Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed

October 20, 1984 - The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California., The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California.

October 20, 1986 - Tupolev-134 crashes in Southern Africa, Tupolev-134 crashes in Southern Africa

October 20, 1987 - 10 die as US Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn near Indianapolis, 10 die as US Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn near Indianapolis

October 20, 1987 - Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record), Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record)

October 20, 1987 - Subway vigilante Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail, Subway vigilante Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail

October 20, 1988 - Britain ends suspects' right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA, Britain ends suspects' right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA

October 20, 1988 - Gastineau sacks Jets, retires from football "for personal reasons", Gastineau sacks Jets, retires from football "for personal reasons"

October 20, 1988 - Man armed with explosives blows himself up in 125 St subway station (NYC), Man armed with explosives blows himself up in 125 St subway station (NYC)

October 20, 1989 - Pakistan win Sharjah Trophy over India & WI on round-robin, Pakistan win Sharjah Trophy over India & WI on round-robin

October 20, 1989 - US Senate impeaches US District Judge Alcee L Hastings, US Senate impeaches US District Judge Alcee L Hastings

October 20, 1990 - 3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on obsenity charges in Florida, 3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on obsenity charges in Florida

October 20, 1990 - Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq), Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq)

October 20, 1991 - 6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die, 6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die

October 20, 1991 - Formal opening ceremony of Intl One Mind Zen center in Crestone, Colo, Formal opening ceremony of Intl One Mind Zen center in Crestone, Colo

October 20, 1992 - David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut), David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut)

October 20, 1992 - Mr Johnson surrenders Monrovia, Liberia & is exiled to Nigeria, Mr Johnson surrenders Monrovia, Liberia & is exiled to Nigeria

October 20, 1995 - STS 73 (Columbia 18) launches into orbit, STS 73 (Columbia 18) launches into orbit

October 20, 1995 - Sri Lanka beat West Indies to win Sharjah Champions Trophy final, Sri Lanka beat West Indies to win Sharjah Champions Trophy final

October 20, 1997 - US accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing IE browser on computers, US accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing IE browser on computers

October 20, 2011 - The former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi , and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011) while in the custody of NTC fighters., The former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi , and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011) while in the custody of NTC fighters.

October 20, 2013 - 30 people are killed by a suicide truck bomber in Hama, Syria, 30 people are killed by a suicide truck bomber in Hama, Syria

October 20, 2013 - 37 people are killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq, 37 people are killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq

October 20, 2013 - 78 people are killed by cattle raiders in Jonglei, Sudan, 78 people are killed by cattle raiders in Jonglei, Sudan

October 20, 2014 - Joko Widodo becomes President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo becomes President of Indonesia

October 20, 2014 - Laquan McDonald (17) is shot dead by Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke while jaywalking, the murder caught on video footage, Laquan McDonald (17) is shot dead by Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke while jaywalking, the murder caught on video footage

October 20, 2015 - Migrants arriving in Greece top 500,00 for the year, according to the UN, Migrants arriving in Greece top 500,00 for the year, according to the UN

October 20, 2015 - US Vice President Joe Biden confirms he will not run for President, US Vice President Joe Biden confirms he will not run for President

October 20, 2017 - Pollution linked to 1 in 6 deaths worldwide or 9 million in 2015 in report published in "The Lancet", Pollution linked to 1 in 6 deaths worldwide or 9 million in 2015 in report published in "The Lancet"

October 20, 2018 - Australia's center-right coalition government loses its 1-seat majority by losing the Wentworth by-election, Australia's center-right coalition government loses its 1-seat majority by losing the Wentworth by-election

October 20, 2018 - 12,000 year old fossil called "Luzia", oldest known fossil in South America announced found mostly intact after devastating fire at Brazil's National Museum, 12,000 year old fossil called "Luzia", oldest known fossil in South America announced found mostly intact after devastating fire at Brazil's National Museum

October 20, 2018 - President Trump threatens to pull the US out of an arms control agreement with Russia because Russia has violated its terms, President Trump threatens to pull the US out of an arms control agreement with Russia because Russia has violated its terms

October 20, 2019 - 1st test flight New York to Sydney by a commercial airline a Qantas Boeing 787 Dreamliner , takes 19 hours 42 minutes, landing in Sydney, 1st test flight New York to Sydney by a commercial airline a Qantas Boeing 787 Dreamliner , takes 19 hours 42 minutes, landing in Sydney

October 20, 1943 - British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London, British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

October 20, 1949 - Constitutional lawyer Phyllis Schlafly (25) weds attorney John Fred Schlafly, Jr., Constitutional lawyer Phyllis Schlafly (25) weds attorney John Fred Schlafly, Jr.

October 20, 1968 - Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the island of Scorpios, Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the island of Scorpios

October 20, 1978 - Journalist Ben Bradlee (57) weds fellow journalist Sally Quinn (37), Journalist Ben Bradlee (57) weds fellow journalist Sally Quinn (37)

October 20, 1990 - US Senator Rand Paul (27) weds freelance writer Kelley Ashby, US Senator Rand Paul (27) weds freelance writer Kelley Ashby

October 20, 2005 - Prince Floris of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (30) weds Aimee Sohngen (28) in a civil ceremony at the Stadhuis in Naarden, Prince Floris of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (30) weds Aimee Sohngen (28) in a civil ceremony at the Stadhuis in Naarden

October 20, 2006 - "Liberty X" member Michelle Heaton (27) weds Pop Idol's Andy Scott-Lee (26) in Hertfordshire, England, "Liberty X" member Michelle Heaton (27) weds Pop Idol's Andy Scott-Lee (26) in Hertfordshire, England

October 20, 2007 - Future French President Emmanuel Macron (30) marries teacher Brigitte Trogneux (54), Future French President Emmanuel Macron (30) marries teacher Brigitte Trogneux (54)

October 20, 2013 - Actor Rider Strong (33) weds actress Alexandra Barreto (31) in Oregon, Actor Rider Strong (33) weds actress Alexandra Barreto (31) in Oregon