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Vallecula

- Noun

A groove; a fossa; as, the vallecula, or fossa, which separates the hemispheres of the cerebellum.

- Noun

One of the grooves, or hollows, between the ribs of the fruit of umbelliferous plants.


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  • Vallecula

    Vallecula is an anatomic term for a crevice, depression, or furrow in something. There are a variety of valleculae in the human body, including one between the hemispheres of the brain, on the inferior surface of the cerebellum, in which the medulla oblongata is located (vallecula of cerebellum ). Other common valleculae are: in the nail matrix, and in the throat.

  • Vallecula of cerebellum

    Vallecula of cerebellum

    On the superior surface of cerebellum, the vermis protrudes above the level of the hemispheres, but on the inferior surface it is sunk almost out of sight in the bottom of a deep depression between them; this depression is called the vallecula of the cerebellum, and lodges the posterior part of the medulla oblongata and the inferior vermis, which consists of the tuber vermis, pyramid, uvula and nodule.

  • Epiglottic vallecula

    Epiglottic vallecula

    The epiglottic vallecula is a depression (vallecula) just behind the root of the tongue between the folds in the throat. These depressions serve as "spit traps"; saliva is temporarily held in the valleculae to prevent initiation of the swallowing reflex.

  • Epiglottic valleculae

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