Lepidopterology (from Ancient Greek λεπίδος (scale ) and πτερόν (wing); and -λογία -logia .), is a branch of entomology concerning the scientific study of moths and the three superfamilies of butterflies. Someone who studies in this field is a lepidopterist or, archaically, an aurelian.
Lepidopterism is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by irritating caterpillar or moth hairs coming into contact with the skin or mucosa. When referring to the cause, moth dermatitis and caterpillar dermatitis are commonly used; Caripito itch (known as papillonite in French) is an older name referring to the moth dermatitis caused by some Hylesia species.