- Noun Plural
An order of insects, which includes the butterflies and moths. They have broad wings, covered with minute overlapping scales, usually brightly colored.
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Lepidoptera (/ˌlɛpɪˈdɒptərə/ LEP-i-DOP-tər-ə, from Ancient Greek lepís “scale” + pterón “wing”) is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths (both are called lepidopterans). About 180,000 species of the Lepidoptera are described, in 126 families and 46 superfamilies, 10 per cent of the total described species of living organisms. It is one of the most widespread and widely recognizable insect orders in the world. The Lepidoptera show many variations of the basic body structure that have evolved to gain advantages in lifestyle and distribution. Recent estimates suggest the order may have more species than earlier thought, and is among the four most speciose orders, along with the Hymenoptera, Diptera, and Coleoptera.
Many populations of Lepidoptera (butterflies or moths ) migrate, sometimes long distances, to and from areas which are only suitable for part of the year. Lepidopterans migrate on all continents except Antarctica, including from or within subtropical and tropical areas. By migrating, these species can avoid unfavorable circumstances, including weather, food shortage, or over-population. In some lepidopteran species, all individuals migrate; in others, only some migrate.
List of Lepidoptera of Fiji
The Lepidoptera of Fiji consist of both butterflies and moths.
List of Lepidoptera that feed on ragweeds
Ragweeds (Ambrosia species) are used as food plants by the caterpillars (larvae ) of some Lepidoptera species including:
List of Lepidoptera of Cyprus
Lepidoptera of Cyprus consist of both the butterflies and moths recorded from Cyprus.
List of Lepidoptera that feed on Prunus
Prunus species are used as food plants by the caterpillars of a number of Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). These include:
List of Lepidoptera of Puerto Rico
The Lepidoptera of Puerto Rico consist of both the butterflies and moths recorded from the island of Puerto Rico.
List of Lepidoptera of Austria (P-Z)
Lepidoptera of Austria consist of both the butterflies and moths recorded from Austria.
List of Lepidoptera that feed on Galium
Galium species (bedstraws) are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species: