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Lactose

- Noun

Sugar of milk or milk sugar; a crystalline sugar present in milk, and separable from the whey by evaporation and crystallization. It has a slightly sweet taste, is dextrorotary, and is much less soluble in water than either cane sugar or glucose. Formerly called lactin.


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  • Lactose

    Lactose

    Lactose is a disaccharide. It is a sugar composed of galactose and glucose subunits and has the molecular formula C12H22O11. Lactose makes up around 2–8% of milk (by weight). The name comes from lac (gen. lactis), the Latin word for milk, plus the suffix -ose used to name sugars. The compound is a white, water-soluble, non-hygroscopic solid with a mildly sweet taste. It is used in the food industry.

  • Cystine lactose electrolyte deficient agar

    CLED agar (cystine–lactose–electrolyte-deficient agar or medium) is a valuable non-inhibitory growth medium used in the isolation and differentiation of urinary microbes. It contains cystine and lactose and is electrolyte -deficient; the latter trait prevents the swarming of Proteus species. Cystine promotes the formation of cystine-dependent dwarf colonies. Bromothymol blue is the indicator used in the agar, it changes to yellow in case of acid production during fermentation of lactose or changes to deep blue in case of alkalinization. Lactose-positive bacteria build yellow colonies. Bacteria which decarboxylate L-Cystine cause an alkaline reaction and build deep blue colonies

  • Lactose content of foods

    Lactose content of foods

    Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products. Those affected vary in the amount of lactose they can tolerate before symptoms develop. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, gas, and nausea. These symptoms typically start thirty minutes to two hours after eating or drinking milk-based food. Severity typically depends on the amount a person eats or drinks. Lactose intolerance does not cause damage to the gastrointestinal tract.

  • Lactose permease

    Lactose permease

    Lactose permease is a membrane protein which is a member of the major facilitator superfamily. Lactose permease can be classified as a symporter, which uses the proton gradient towards the cell to transport β-galactosides such as lactose in the same direction into the cell.

  • Lactose synthetase

  • Lactose absorption

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