The lactoscope is an instrument for estimating the amount of cream in milk, based on its relative opacity. The higher the opacity, the greater the amount of cream present. Credit for the development of this instrument is given to Alfred Donné in 1843. The instrument was also used to measure the fat content of milk, but it gave inaccurate results.
Macroscope is an integrated set of methods aimed at enterprise IT activities. Macroscope was developed and is maintained by Fujitsu in Canada. It is primarily used as their core body of knowledge to support the consulting services that they provide to their clients and is also licensed as a commercial product to a number of their clients