K-edge is the binding energy of the K-shell (innermost, using X-ray notation ) electron of an atom. There is a sudden increase in the attenuation coefficient of photons occurring at a photon energy just above the binding energy of the K-shell electron of the atoms interacting with the photons. This sudden increase in attenuation is due to photoelectric absorption of the photons. For this interaction to occur, the photons must have more energy than the binding energy of the K-shell electrons (K-edge). A photon having an energy just above the binding energy of the electron is therefore more likely to be absorbed than a photon having an energy just below this binding energy.
Ligand K-edge spectroscopy is a spectroscopic technique used to study the electronic structures of metal-ligand complexes. This method measures X-ray absorption caused by the excitation of ligand 1s electrons to unfilled p orbitals (principal quantum number n <= 4) and continuum states, which creates a characteristic absorption feature called the K-edge.
Metal K-edge spectroscopy is a spectroscopic technique used to study the electronic structures of transition metal atoms and complexes. This method measures X-ray absorption caused by the excitation of a 1s electron to valence bound states localized on the metal, which creates a characteristic absorption peak called the K-edge. The K-edge can be divided into the pre-edge region (comprising the pre-edge and rising edge transitions) and the near-edge region (comprising the intense edge transition and ~150 eV above it).
KEDGE Business School is a Triple Accredited (AACSB, EQUIS AND AMBA) French business school and grande école. Located in Marseille, Bordeaux, Toulon and Paris plus two campuses in China (Shanghai and Suzhou) the school is a merger between two business schools: BEM (ESC Bordeaux, founded in 1874) and Euromed (ESC Marseille, founded in 1872). Following the merger, Kedge is the largest business school in France. It is consistently ranked near the top 10 business schools in France by the Financial Times and is the one of the best 30 business schools in Europe, according to the Financial Times 2014. Nationally, it ranks 3rd for its MBA, 3rd for its budget, 2nd for research and is accredited by Palmes League as TOP business school with significant international influence , The Global Executive MBA from Kedge Business School is now ranked n°22 worldwide, one place up from last year, the KEDGE BS Global Executive MBA pursues its progress in the Top 25 of the 2016 Financial Times Executive MBA ranking. In seven years, it has moved up 62 places in this reference ranking.
Zedge is a mobile content discovery platform and community where users can download content to customize their smartphones and other mobile devices. The app includes wallpapers, ringtones, alert tones, app icon customization, which is currently in its beta form, and which is only available for Android phones, and games on the Android, iOS and Windows Phone platforms. Zedge has more than 170 million installs Android and iOS. The app uses a recommendation engine that analyzes anonymized user data in order to create smart suggestions for wallpaper, ringtone, and game downloads. IDT Corp. was majority investor in Zedge Holdings, the app's parent company, until mid-2016.