Johannes is a Medieval Latin form of the personal name that usually appears as "John " in English language contexts. It is a variant of the Greek name (Ιωάννης) and Classical Latin (Ioannes ), itself derived from the Hebrew name Yehochanan , meaning "Yahweh is gracious". The name became popular in Northern Europe, especially in Germany. Common German variants for Johannes are Johann , Hans (diminutized to Hänschen or Hänsel, known from "Hansel and Gretel ", a fairy tale by the Grimm brothers), Hannes, Jens (from Danish) and Jan (from Dutch). In the Netherlands, Johannes was without interruption the most common masculine birth name until 1989. Jan (a variant of John) is known in Catalan, Czech, Slovenian, Dutch, Scandinavian, Cornish, German, Afrikaans and Northern Germanic. Polish has its own variant Janusz as has Slovenian "Janez". Common English variants for Johannes are John or Johnny. There are also variants of the name in other languages:
Johannes Lepsius (15 December 1858, Potsdam, Germany – 3 February 1926, Meran, Italy ) was a German Protestant missionary, Orientalist, and humanist with a special interest in trying to prevent the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire. He initially studied mathematics and philosophy in Munich and a PhD in 1880 with an already award-winning work. Lepsius was one of the founders and the first chairman of the German–Armenian Society.
Johannes Vermeer (UK: /vɜːrˈmɪər, vɛərˈmɪər/, US: /vərˈmɪər, vərˈmɛər/, Dutch: [joːˈɦɑnəs fərˈmeːr ]; October 1632 – December 1675) was a Dutch Baroque Period painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle class life. He was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime but evidently was not wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings.
Johannes Trithemius (/trɪˈθɛmiəs/; 1 February 1462 – 13 December 1516), born Johann Heidenberg, was a German Benedictine abbot and a polymath who was active in the German Renaissance as a lexicographer, chronicler, cryptographer, and occultist. He had considerable influence on the development of early modern and modern occultism. His students included Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa and Paracelsus.
Johannes Nauclerus (Naucler, Naukler) (c. 1425 – May 1, 1510) was a 16th-century Swabian historian and humanist. He was born Johann Vergenhans to a noble (or knighted ) man of the same name. As was the fashion of the time, the family's name had been Latinized, with nauclerus, meaning "skipper," being a close translation of Vergenhans, meaning "ferryman." The family's coat of arms depicted a man on a sailing ship.
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry. A total of 7,321 awards were made between its first presentation on 30 September 1939 and its last bestowal on 17 June 1945. This number is based on the acceptance by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht —the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy) and Luftwaffe (Air Force)—as well as the Waffen-SS, the Reich Labour Service and the Volkssturm (German national militia ). There were also 43 foreign recipients of the award.