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Jansenist

- Noun

A follower of Cornelius Jansen, a Roman Catholic bishop of Ypres, in Flanders, in the 17th century, who taught certain doctrines denying free will and the possibility of resisting divine grace.


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  • Augustinus (Jansenist book)

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    Augustinus seu doctrina Sancti Augustini de humanae naturae sanitate, aegritudine, medicina adversus Pelagianos et Massilianses, known by its short title Augustinus, is a theological work in Latin by Cornelius Jansen. Published posthumously in Louvain by Jacobus Zegers in 1640, it was in three parts:

  • Jansenism

    Jansenism was a theological movement, primarily in France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace and predestination. The movement originated from the posthumously published work of the Dutch theologian Cornelius Jansen, who died in 1638. It was first popularized by Jansen's friend Abbot Jean du Vergier de Hauranne, of Saint-Cyran-en-Brenne Abbey, and, after du Vergier's death in 1643, was led by Antoine Arnauld. Through the 17th and into the 18th centuries, Jansenism was a distinct movement away from the Catholic Church. The theological centre of the movement was the convent of Port-Royal-des-Champs Abbey, which was a haven for writers including du Vergier, Arnauld, Pierre Nicole, Blaise Pascal and Jean Racine.

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    Jansen's wrasse

    Jansen's wrasse (Thalassoma jansenii) is a species of wrasse native to the Indian Ocean. In the Pacific Ocean it is replaced by sibling species Blackbarred Wrasse. It is a reef inhabitant, preferring rocky areas, and can be found at depths from 1 to 15 m (3.3 to 49.2 ft). This species can grow to 20 cm (7.9 in) in total length. Like many other coral reef wrasses, this species swims actively over the reef using solely their pectoral fins for thrust (known as labriform locomotion). It can also be found in the aquarium trade.

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