A genus of trees or shrubs, one species of which (F. Carica) produces the figs of commerce; the fig tree.
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Ficus (/ˈfaɪkəs/ or /ˈfiːkəs/ ) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae. Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The common fig (F. carica) is a temperate species native to southwest Asia and the Mediterranean region (from Afghanistan to Portugal), which has been widely cultivated from ancient times for its fruit, also referred to as figs. The fruit of most other species are also edible though they are usually of only local economic importance or eaten as bushfood. However, they are extremely important food resources for wildlife. Figs are also of considerable cultural importance throughout the tropics, both as objects of worship and for their many practical uses.
The Knobbly fig (Ficus sansibarica) is an African species of cauliflorous fig. It is named after Zanzibar, where Franz Stuhlmann discovered it in 1889. They often begin life as epiphytes, which assume a strangling habit as they develop. They regularly reach 10 m, but may grow up to 40 m tall as forest stranglers.
Ficus hirsuta is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. It is endemic to Brazil.
Ficus maxima is a fig tree which is native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America south to Paraguay. Figs belong to the family Moraceae. The specific epithet maxima was coined by Scottish botanist Philip Miller in 1768; Miller's name was applied to this species in the Flora of Jamaica, but it was later determined that Miller's description was actually of the species now known as Ficus aurea . To avoid confusion, Cornelis Berg proposed that the name should be conserved for this species. Berg's proposal was accepted in 2005.
Asota ficus is a moth in the family Erebidae first described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1775. It is found in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Taiwan, India, Indonesia (Sumatra ), Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and northern Vietnam.
Ficus montana (common name, Oakleaf Fig) is a species of subtropical climbing figs plant. The plant is similar to the Creeping Fig but has smaller leaves. Leaves are 1 ½ inch in size. The leaves are shaped like oak leaves which gives its common name. It is grown as a houseplant, in offices and in shopping malls. It is slow growing. There are many cultivars with different variegated leaves of this species. "Snowflake" is a cultivar with completely white leaves. The Latin specific epithet montana refers to mountains or coming from mountains.
Ficus dendrocida is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela.
Ficus sarmentosa (Nepali language:Ban Timila) is a fig tree with edible fruit. F. sarmentosa is native to China, Eastern Asia, Indian Subcontinent and Indo-China region.
Ficus yoponensis is a species of fig tree found in Central and South America. It can grow to heights of 40–50 metres (130–160 ft) tall, having a trunk diameter of 1 metre (3.3 ft). The trunk is buttressed, light grey in colour and reasonably smooth. Its petioles are 1–2.5 centimetres (0.39–0.98 in) long, the stipules are straight and 3–5 centimetres (1.2–2.0 in) long. The leaves and stems are hairless. The leaves are 6–11 centimetres (2.4–4.3 in) long and 2.5–4 centimetres (0.98–1.57 in) wide, but larger in juveniles, being up to 28 centimetres (11 in) long and 5 centimetres (2.0 in) wide. The time at which they flower varies between individuals, but each tree tends to flower at a similar time each year. As in all figs, the flowers are enclosed inside the fig and can only be accessed by fig wasps, which enter to pollinate the flowers and lay their own eggs. The resulting fruit grows to 1.8 centimetres (0.71 in) in diameter and turns from green to purple with maturity. On average in Panama, F. yoponensis produce a new flush of leaves every 20 weeks and flower every 25 weeks. The species is similar in appearance to Ficus insipida but has smaller leaves, stipules and fruits and only occurs in primary forest whereas F. insipida is also found in secondary forest.
Ficus bojeri is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. It is endemic to Seychelles. It is a fairly small ficus, or fig, tree with small branches and oval-shaped leaves. It is greyish-brown in color. The fruit hangs from the trunk of the tree on centimeter long twigs.