Wilhelm Schmalz (1 March 1901 – 14 March 1983) was a German general (Generalleutnant) in the Wehrmacht during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany. Schmalz surrendered to the American troops in May 1945.
Schmalz was accused of war crimes in Italy, among them the Civitella in Val di Chiana massacre on 29 June 1944 where 146 civilians were murdered by soldiers of the Fallschirm-Panzer Division 1 Hermann Göring. He was tried, but acquitted of the charges, by a court in Rome on 12 July 1950.
Awards and decorations
- Iron Cross (1939) 2nd Class (14 September 1939) & 1st Class (16 October 1939)
- German Cross in Gold on 8 February 1942 as Major in Kradschützen-Bataillon 59
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves Knight's Cross on 28 November 1940 as Major and commander of I./Kavallerie-Schützen-Regiment 11 358th Oak Leaves on 23 December 1943 as Oberst and commander of Panzerbrigade z.b.V. der Panzer-Division "Hermann Göring"