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The University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center (AHC) is a collection of health colleges and institutions of the University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. It trains health care professionals and provides research and patient care. AHC has strong ties to UC Health, which includes the University of Cincinnati Medical Center and West Chester Hospital.

History


The academic health center concept originated with physician Daniel Drake, who founded the Medical College of Ohio, the precursor to the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, in 1819.

A municipally owned college for most of its history, the University of Cincinnati joined Ohio's higher education system in July 1977. In 1982, its teaching hospital, known as the General Hospital and in its present location since 1915, was renamed the University of Cincinnati Hospital. It was later changed again to its current name, University Hospital. In 2003, the name was changed from the University of Cincinnati Medical Center to the University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center to better reflect its missions in education and research. In 2010, the Academic Health Center became an integral part of the newly formed UC Health organization.

AHC's national reputation for biomedical research includes the development of the first live, attenuated polio vaccine by Albert Sabin, who worked on the project at both the University of Cincinnati and the affiliated Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.[1] Other achievements include definitive studies of the health effects of lead in children and development of the popular antihistamine Benadryl by George Rieveschl, who was working in the chemistry department at the time of his discovery.[2]

In 1967, the College of Pharmacy became a unit of the University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center. In 2000 a fourth College, the College of Allied Health Sciences joined the University of Cincinnati Medical Center.

On June 6, 2007, the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Pharmacy changed its name to the James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy. The college is only the second in UC's history to be named.

Components


AHC includes four colleges, as well as specialized centers:

  • College of Allied Health Sciences
  • College of Medicine
  • College of Nursing
  • James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy
  • Hoxworth Blood Center
  • Metabolic Diseases Institute
  • Cincinnati Diabetes and Obesity Center
  • UC Cancer Institute
  • UC Neuroscience Institute
  • UC Heart, Lung and Vascular Institute

UC Health


AHC is part of UC Health, which was established in 2009 after the Health Alliance was disbanded, which also includes hospitals and other entities:

  • University of Cincinnati Medical Center (flagship)
  • West Chester Hospital
  • Lindner Center of HOPE
  • Daniel Drake Center for Long Term Acute Care
  • University of Cincinnati Physicians

It also includes the following College of Medicine institutes:

  • UC Cancer Institute
  • UC Heart, Lung and Vascular Institute
  • UC Gardner Neuroscience Institute

Partners and affiliates


AHC partners with many other health care institutions.

Facilities


AHC facilities include several buildings, research labs, and patient care sites:

  • Barrett Center
  • CARE/Crawley Building
  • Cardiovascular Research Center
  • French East Building
  • Health Sciences Library
  • Hoxworth Center
  • Joseph F. Kowalewski Hall
  • Kettering Laboratory Complex
  • Logan Hall
  • Marriott Kingsgate Conference Center
  • Medical Sciences Building
  • Procter Hall
  • University Hall
  • University of Cincinnati Gardner Neuroscience Institute
  • Vontz Center for Molecular Studies
  • Wherry Hall

College of Allied Health Sciences


The College of Allied Health Sciences (CAHS) provides education for allied health and health science professionals. CAHS became a college at the University of Cincinnati in March 1998. Its programs originated from various colleges at the University of Cincinnati.

  • Doctoral Communication Sciences and Disorders Audiology Physical Therapy
  • Master's Communication Sciences and Disorders Speech-language Pathology Genetic Counseling Health Administration (in conjunction with the College of Medicine and the Lindner College of Business) Nutrition Sciences Transfusion and Transplantation Services
  • Bachelor's Advanced Medical Imaging Technology Clinical Laboratory Science Clinical Laboratory Science – Distance Learning Communication Sciences and Disorders Dietetics Food and Nutrition Concentration in Exercise Science Concentration in Pre-Medicine Health Information Management – Distance Learning Health Sciences Sports and Biomechanics Concentration Exercise Science Concentration
  • Certificate Clinical Laboratory Science Dietetics

School of Social Work

  • Social Work

College of Medicine


The College of Medicine was established by Daniel Drake in 1819 as the Medical College of Ohio. It became a part of the University of Cincinnati in 1896 and is considered by some historians to be the oldest medical school west of the Allegheny Mountains. It is supposedly the second-oldest public college of medicine in the United States.

Other accomplishments include the development of the heart-lung machine, the Fogarty heart catheter, Benadryl, and the Clark oxygen electrode. The College also established the nation's first residency program in emergency medicine. The College is noted for its neurosurgical research into degenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, at the time led by Raj Narajan.

Ranked in the top one-third of American medical schools, the College attracts students from across the United States. In 2008, it became the first medical college in the country to implement the multiple mini interview system pioneered in Canada to better predict candidates with exceptional interpersonal skills, professionalism and ethical judgment.[3][4][5] Other medical schools have since adopted the process.[6] In addition to the usual application pathways, the University of Cincinnati offers a dual-admissions program known as Connections to high school students applying for undergraduate studies at the University where students are guaranteed admission to the school if they acquire the required grade point average and MCAT scores.[7] The college attracts many undergraduate students to its summer research fellowships.

A curriculum revision effort involving more clinical instruction in the first two years of medical school was unveiled for the entering class of 2011.

In conjunction with the University of Cincinnati Medical Center, the College also sponsors 56 accredited residency and fellowship training programs through the Office of Graduate Medical Education.

  • UC Cancer Institute
  • UC Diabetes and Metabolic Disease Institute
  • UC Heart, Lung and Vascular Institute
  • UC Gardner Neuroscience Institute

The 2016 U.S. News and World Report magazine ranked the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine the 40th best medical school nationally in research and 65th in primary care. In addition, the College of Medicine had the third best pediatrics program and third best emergency medicine program in the country according to the same report.[8]

College of Nursing


Established in 1889, the University of Cincinnati College of Nursing was the first school to offer a baccalaureate degree in nursing in 1916. In 1942, the college became a charter member of the National League for Nursing. In 2002 the college was the first nursing school to offer cooperative education in addition to clinical time, and in 2010 it began a Doctorate of Nursing Practice. Successes include awarding over $1.0 million in scholarships and graduate assistantship stipends for the 2008 – 2009 academic year, ranking in the top 10 percent of American nursing programs, receiving over $2.6 million in extramural research awards during the 2009 fiscal year and developing partnerships with over 300 clinical sites.

In 1982, the college was one of eleven nursing schools that received the Robert Wood Johnson Teaching Nursing Home Project Grant. In 1987, IBM chose the college as one of fifteen to develop computer assisted interactive video for health sciences. A nursing doctoral program and nurse anesthetist master's program were established in 1990. In 1992, the college established a joint master's degree (MSN/MBA) with the Lindner College of Business.

  • Aging with Dignity
  • Wedbush Centre
  • CATER
  • Nightingale Awards
  • Institute for Nursing Research and Scholarship

James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy


The College of Pharmacy is one of the oldest in the United States, and the oldest west of the Allegheny Mountains. It offers PharmD, MS and PhD degrees, including some online programs. Its graduates have a 100% placement rate prior to graduation. It is ranked in the top 25% of pharmacy programs in the US.[9]

The Cincinnati College of Pharmacy was chartered by the Ohio Legislature in 1850 and it was the first pharmacy school west of the Allegheny Mountains. It operated as a private college until July 1954 when it became an integral part of the University of Cincinnati.

The college is named based on Jim Winkle's pledge of $10 million from his estate or trust. A Hamilton, Ohio, resident who graduated from the college in 1958.[9]

The College occupies newly remodeled research space in the Medical Sciences Building and was renovated in 2017.[9] That space includes new classrooms, teaching labs, student club meeting space, faculty and staff offices, conference rooms and an IT help desk.

The college offers multiple degree curricula, including Masters, PhD, and PharmD. It also offers online MS degree or certificate programs in cosmetic science, drug development and pharmacy leadership. Postgraduate residency (PGY-1) training opportunities in community pharmacy for PharmD graduates are available. A vibrant continuing education program exists to help enhance the skills of practicing pharmacists and pharmacy technicians.

The Doctor of Pharmacy Degree is the only entry-level professional degree offered by the College. The program is fully accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. Graduates are eligible to sit for the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX). Approximately 97 students are enrolled into each class.

The Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum is divided into the following:

  • At least three years of Pre-Pharmacy Education
  • Four years of Professional Pharmacy Education

The PharmD professional degree program has been recognized by ACPE (Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education) with special commendation in the areas of student affairs, curricular development and assessment and clinical experiential education.

Students interested in obtaining a full-time research-based MS or PhD degree in Pharmaceutical Sciences generate innovative research findings under the guidance of a program training faculty with funded research activities.

Applicant selection is competitive. MS and PhD research programs focuses in one of three areas: biomembrane science, experimental therapeutics and health outcomes.

The MS program with drug development specialization (MSDD) is a two-year, online degree program in global pharmaceutical development (drugs/biologicals, drug products and devices). Tailored to meet the aspirations of working professionals, the program can be completed on a part-time basis with coursework offered on-site in the evening on weekdays or via distance learning.

A collaboration between academia, industry and government, MSDD provides cross-disciplinary training in the scientific, regulatory and business aspects of drug development.

The interdisciplinary cosmetic science programs provide opportunities to develop professional skills and fundamental concepts driving cosmetic science.

Started in 1973, the college’s MS in Cosmetic Science is one of the oldest such graduate programs in the world.[10] The Graduate programs in cosmetic science are as follows:

  • Capstone Project MS degree: MS degree in pharmaceutical sciences with emphasis in cosmetic science (30 credit hours)
  • Graduate Certificate (GC) in Cosmetic Science: 12 credit hours covering skin and hair science as well as formulation science
  • MS and PhD degrees: intensive research-based MS and PhD degrees in pharmaceutical science with emphasis in cosmetic science (on-site at Cincinnati)
  • Courses for non-matriculated students: Online courses are available to non-matriculated students who have not applied for acceptance into the GC or MS Programs (a maximum of six (6) semester credit hours may be transferred to either program upon matriculation).

The graduate programs in cosmetic science grew from 17 students in 2013 to 96 students in 2017.

In 2016, the College became the first pharmacy school in the US to offer an online MS degree program and graduate certificate in pharmacy leadership.[11]

These programs combine leadership and professional development in health care business and management courses.

These are the first programs at the University to be a partnership between three difference colleges:

  • James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy
  • Linder College of Business - Masters in Business Administration
  • College of Allied Health - Masters in Health Administration

The programs are organized as preparation for leadership in settings such as independent and chain community pharmacies, health-system inpatient, outpatient and clinical pharmacies, clinical coordinator roles, managed care, industry, long-term care.

In 2016, the College developed a new strategic plan, We are Pharmacy- Rx for the Future, to help guide the college. The new tagline of the college is: Lead. Care. Transform.

From 2014-2016, the college completed the largest hire of new faculty in the history of the college. Many of these new hires were in partnerships with healthcare organizations in the greater Cincinnati area.[12] Research funding at the college increased, with 51% growth from 2015 to 2016 reaching a total of $8.9 million in 2016[9]

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