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Tunga, officially the Municipality of Tunga, is a 6th class municipality in the province of Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of Lua error in Module:I18n at line 6: bad argument #1 to 'pairs' (table expected, got nil). people.[3]

It is the smallest municipality in Leyte, both in population and area. [2]


The municipality of Tunga existed as early as 1860 as a barrio of Barugo. At that time only about fifty families were residing there, most of them coming from the different towns of Barugo, Carigara and Jaro. There are different versions that have been told as to why the place was called Tunga. Due to their stronger credibility, only two of these legends have been selected as the possible ones. One states that according to our forefathers, before Tunga became a barrio, people from Ormoc, Carigara, Barugo, Jaro and Tacloban engaged in trade with each other and they had to stop by or pass this place. Some of them even made it their contact point for conducting their business. Through their exchange of ideas and conversations, they concluded that this place was halfway between Ormoc and Tacloban or Carigara and Jaro. Since it had no name at the time, people started calling it Tunga, the dialect for half. When it became a barrio, the residents, due to their familiarity with the name christened the place Tunga.

On March 4, 1948, "Pag-urosa han mga Tunga-on", the association that led the campaign to make Tunga a municipality, was organized and it elected Domingo A. Ponferrada, President; Martino Ariza, 1st Vice President; Blas Uribe, 2nd Vice President; Vicente Catenza, 3rd Vice President; Primitivo Geraldo, Secretary; Norberto Quintana, treasurer; Ramón Santillan Sr (died on October 13, 2005, at age 101) and Juan Avila, auditors; Paulo Cotoner, Magno Buñales and Arsenio Carit, Sergeants-at-Arms.

These officers invited and apprised Atilano R. Cinco, Congressman for the 5th District of Leyte, of the desire of Tunga to become an independent municipality. Cinco promised to file a bill in congress when all supporting papers that he had suggested were ready. Thus, a committee on consensus was created. Martino Ariza was elected as chairman; the members being some of the students of Tunga Institute.

Subsequently, Philippine President Quirino issued Executive Order No. 266, dated September 24, 1949, creating the independent municipality of Tunga, however the appointed local officials had to assume their posts a few days after the elections.

On November 15, 1949, Provincial Board Secretary Ricardo Collantes, representing Leyte Governor Catalino Landia, proclaimed the Municipality of Tunga before a huge crowd of joyous Tunga-on and distinguished visitors.

The patron saint of Tunga is Saint Anthony of Padua. The Tunga-on celebrate their town's fiesta on August 13 every year.[4]


Tunga is politically subdivided into 8 barangays: [2]

  • Astorga (Barrio Upat)
  • Balire
  • Banawang
  • San Antonio (Poblacion)
  • San Pedro (Poblacion)
  • San Roque (Poblacion)
  • San Vicente (Poblacion)
  • Sto. Niño (Poblacion)


There are a total of 4 Elementary Schools and 1 Secondary/High School in Tunga Leyte[5]

  • Astorga Elementary School
  • Balire Elementary School
  • Banawang Elementary School
  • Tunga CS
  • Gregorio C. Catenza National High School (Tunga National High School)


In the 2015 census, the population of Tunga, Leyte, was Lua error in Module:I18n at line 6: bad argument #1 to 'pairs' (table expected, got nil). people,[3] with a density of .


The socio-economic situation in Tunga can be described as poor with little outside investment and few opportunities for most of the municipality's citizens to improve their economic status. Income per capita is very low and the poverty incidence is alarming. The magnitude of families living below the poverty threshold is much too high. The under-employment rate is high and most people hold informal jobs and carry out various activities daily to earn barely a subsistence income for their families. The percent of households without their own dwellings is high.

Elementary education participation is low, reflecting low incomes because families cannot afford to put their children through school and/or children are taken out of school to assist families with income-earning activities. As a result, the simple literacy rate is low.

Crop production indicates very low land productivity with the majority of farmers involved in coconut tree cultivation for copra as their main economic mainstay. Rice cultivation is the second main agricultural activity. Some farmers also raise pigs and chickens to sell to the local meat shop in the local market.

The fish catch, which is mainly Tilapia, in the Tunga River, which flows through the municipality, has decreased since 2005.

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