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Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, commonly referred to simply as Tottenham (/ˈtɒtnəm, -tən-/) or Spurs, is an English football club located in Tottenham, Haringey, London, that competes in the Premier League. The club's home for the 2017–18 season is Wembley Stadium, as their former home of White Hart Lane has been demolished to make way for a completely new stadium on the same site. Their newly developed training ground is in Bulls Cross on the northern borders of the London Borough of Enfield.

Founded in 1882, Tottenham won the FA Cup for the first time in 1901, making them the only non-League club to do so since the formation of the Football League in 1888. Tottenham were the first club in the 20th century to achieve the League and FA Cup Double, winning both competitions in the 1960–61 season. After successfully defending the FA Cup in 1962, in 1963 they became the first British club to win a UEFA club competition – the European Cup Winners' Cup. [[CITE|undefined|]] In 1967, Spurs won the FA Cup for a third time in the 1960s. In the 1970s Tottenham won the League Cup on two occasions and were the inaugural winner of the UEFA Cup in 1972, becoming the first British club to win two different major European trophies. In the 1980s Spurs won several trophies: the FA Cup twice, FA Community Shield and the UEFA Cup in 1984. In the 1990s the club won the FA Cup and the League Cup. When they won the League Cup once more in 2008, it meant that they had won a major trophy in each of the last six decades – an achievement only matched by Manchester United.

The club's Latin motto is Audere est Facere (lit: "To Dare Is to Do"), and its emblem is a cockerel standing upon a football. The club has a long-standing rivalry with nearby neighbours Arsenal, with head-to-head fixtures known as the North London derby.


The club was originally named Hotspur Football Club and it was formed on 5 September 1882 by a group of schoolboys led by Robert Buckle and two of his friends. They were members of the Hotspur Cricket Club, and the football club was formed in order to play sports during the winter months. [[CITE|undefined|]] A year later the boys sought help with the club from John Ripsher, the Bible class teacher at All Hallows Church, who became the first president of the club and its treasurer. Ripsher helped and supported the boys through the club's formative years, reorganised and found premises for the club. [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] In April 1884, due to mail for another club London Hotspur being misdirected to North London, the club was renamed Tottenham Hotspur Football Club to avoid any further confusion. [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]]

Initially, the boys played games between themselves and friendly matches against other local clubs.

The club turned professional on 20 December 1895, and in the summer of 1896 they were admitted to the Division One of the Southern League. On 2 March 1898, the club also became a limited company, the Tottenham Hotspur Football and Athletic Company. Soon after, Frank Brettell became the first ever manager of Spurs, and he signed John Cameron, who took over as player-manager when Brettell left a year later. Cameron would have a significant impact on Spurs, winning the club its first trophy, the Southern League title. The following year, on 27 April 1901, Spurs won the FA Cup after beating Sheffield United 3–1 in a replay of the 1901 Cup final, and became the only non-League club to have ever achieved such a feat since the formation of The Football League in 1888. [[CITE|undefined|]]

In 1908, the club was elected into the Football League Second Division, and won immediate promotion to the First Division when they finished runners-up in their first year in the league. In 1912, Peter McWilliam became manager; however, Tottenham finished bottom of the league at the end of the 1914–15 season when football was suspended due to the First World War. Spurs were relegated to Division Two on the resumption of League football after the war, but quickly returned to Division One as Division Two champion of the 1919–20 season. [[CITE|undefined|]]

On 23 April 1921, McWilliam guided Spurs to their second FA Cup win, beating Wolverhampton Wanderers 1–0 in the Cup Final. In 1922, Spurs finished second to Liverpool in the League in 1922, but would finish mid-table in the next five seasons. Spurs was relegated in the 1927–28 season after McWilliam left. For most of the 1930s and 40s, Spurs languished in the Second Division, apart from a brief return to the top flight in the 1933–34 and 1934–35 seasons.

Former Spurs player Arthur Rowe became manager in 1949. Rowe developed a style of play, known as "push and run", that would proved successful in his early years as manager. He took the team back to the First Division after finishing top of the Second Division in 1949–50 season. [[CITE|undefined|]] In his second season in charge, the team won Tottenham's first ever League Championship title when they finished top of the First Division of 1950–51 season. However, he resigned in April 1955 due to illness from the stress of managing the club. Nevertheless, before he left, he signed one of Spurs' most celebrated players, Danny Blanchflower, who would win the FWA Footballer of the Year twice while at Tottenham. [[CITE|undefined|]]

Bill Nicholson took over as manager in October 1958. Nicholson would become the club's most successful manager, guiding the team to major trophy success three seasons in a row in the early 1960s: the double in 1961, the FA Cup in 1962 and the Cup Winners' Cup in 1963. Nicholson signed Dave Mackay and John White in 1959, two influential players of the Double-winning team, and Jimmy Greaves in 1961, the most prolific goalscorer in the history of the top tier of the English football. [[CITE|undefined|]]

The 1960–61 season started with a run of 11 wins, followed by a draw and another 4 wins, at that time the best ever start by any club in the top flight of English football. [[CITE|undefined|]] The title was won on 17 April 1961 when they beat the eventual runner-up Sheffield Wednesday at home 2–1, with three more games still to play. The Double was achieved when Spurs won 2–0 against Leicester in the final of the 1960–61 FA Cup. This is the first Double of the 20th century, and the first since Aston Villa achieved the feat in 1897. [[CITE|undefined|]] The next year Spurs won their consecutive FA Cup after beating Burnley in the 1962 FA Cup Final. [[CITE|undefined|]]

On 15 May 1963 Tottenham would also become the first British team to win a European trophy by winning the 1962–63 European Cup Winners' Cup when they beat Atlético Madrid 5–1 in the Cup Winners' Cup Final. [[CITE|undefined|]] Spurs added another European trophy when they won the 1971–72 UEFA Cup with a rebuilt team that included Martin Chivers, Pat Jennings, and Steve Perryman. They also won the FA Cup in 1967, [[CITE|undefined|]] and two League Cups (in 1971 and 1973). In total Nicholson won eight major trophies in his 16 years at the club as manager. [[CITE|undefined|]]

Spurs went into a period of decline after the successes of the early 70s, and Nicholson decided to resigned after a poor start to the 1974–75 season. The team was then relegated at the end of the 1976–77 season with Keith Burkinshaw as manager. Burkinshaw however quickly returned the club to the top flight, built a team that included Glenn Hoddle as well as two Argentinians Osvaldo Ardiles and Ricardo Villa, whose signings were very uncommon in British football as foreign players in British football were rare at that time. [[CITE|undefined|]] The team that Burkinshaw rebuilt would win the FA Cup in 1981 and 1982, [[CITE|undefined|]] and the UEFA Cup in 1984. [[CITE|undefined|]]

The 1980s was a period of change that began with a new phase of redevelopment at White Hart Lane as well as a change of directors.

Spurs was one of the five clubs that pushed for the founding of Premier League, created with the approval of The Football Association as replacement for the Football League First Division as the highest division of English football. [[CITE|undefined|]] Despite a succession of managers and players such as Teddy Sheringham, Jürgen Klinsmann and David Ginola, for a long period in the Premier League until the late 2000s, Spurs finished mid-table most seasons with few trophies won. They won the League Cup in 1999 under George Graham, and again in 2008 under Juande Ramos. Performance improved under Harry Redknapp with players such as Gareth Bale and Luka Modrić, and the club finished in the top five in the early 2010s.

In February 2001, Sugar sold his share holding in Spurs to ENIC Sports plc, run by Joe Lewis and Daniel Levy, and stepped down as chairman. [[CITE|undefined|]] Lewis and Levy would eventually own 85% of the club, with Levy responsible for the running of the club. [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] The current manager is José Mourinho who was appointed on 20 November 2019.


Spurs played their early matches on public land at the Park Lane end of Tottenham Marshes where they needed to mark out and prepare their own pitch. [[CITE|undefined|]] Occasionally fights may break out on the marshes in dispute with other teams over the use of the ground. [[CITE|undefined|]] The first recorded match took place on 30 September 1882 against a local team named the Radicals, which Hotspur lost 2–0. [[CITE|undefined|]] The first Spurs game reported by the local press took place on Tottenham Marshes on 6 October 1883 against Brownlow Rovers, which Spurs won 9–0. It was at this ground that in 1887 Spurs first played the team that would later become their arch rivals Arsenal (then known as Royal Arsenal), leading 2–1 until the match got called off due to poor light after the away team arrived late. [[CITE|undefined|]]

As they played on public parkland, the club could not charge admission fees, and while the number of spectators grew to a few thousands, it yielded no gate receipts.

The White Hart Lane ground was built on a disused nursery owned by the brewery Charringtons and located behind a public house named White Hart on Tottenham High Road (the actual White Hart Lane road lies a few hundred yards north of the main entrance). The ground was initially leased from Charringtons, and the stands they used at Northumberland Park were moved here, giving shelter for 2,5000 spectators. [[CITE|undefined|]] Notts County were the first visitors to 'the Lane' in a friendly watched by 5,000 people and yielded £115 in receipts; Spurs won 4–1. [[CITE|undefined|]] QPR became the first competitive visitors to the ground and 11,000 people saw them lose 1–0 to Tottenham. In 1905, Tottenham raised enough money to buy the freehold to the land as well as land at the northern (Paxton Road) end.

After Spurs was admitted to the Football League, the club started to rebuild the stadium, with new stands designed by Archibald Leitch being constructed over the next two and a half decades. The West Stand was added in 1909, the East stand was also covered this year and extended further two years later. The profits from the 1921 FA Cup win were used to build a covered terrace at the Paxton Road end and the Park Lane end was built at a cost of over £3,000 some two years later. This increased the ground's capacity to around 58,000 with room for 40,000 under cover. The East Stand (Worcester Avenue) stand was finished in 1934 and this increased capacity to around 80,000 spectators but cost £60,000. [[CITE|undefined|]]

Starting in the early 1980s, the stadium underwent another major phase of redevelopment.

By the turn of the millennium, the capacity of White Hart Lane had fallen significantly behind compared to other major Premier League clubs.

In October 2008, the club announced a plan to build a new stadium immediately to the north of the existing White Hart Lane stadium, with the southern half of the new stadium's pitch overlapping the northern part of the Lane.

After a long delay over the compulsory purchase order of local businesses located on land to the north of the stadium and a legal challenge against the order, [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] resolved in early 2015, [[CITE|undefined|]] planning application for another new design was approved by Haringey Council on 17 December 2015. [[CITE|undefined|]] Construction of the new stadium started in 2016, [[CITE|undefined|]] and the stadium is scheduled to open for the start of the 2018–19 season. [[CITE|undefined|]] While the stadium is under construction, all Tottenham home games in the 2017–18 season would be played at Wembley Stadium. [[CITE|undefined|]] The new stadium is as yet unnamed. [[CITE|undefined|]]


Since the 1921 FA Cup final the Tottenham Hotspur crest has featured a cockerel. Harry Hotspur, after whom the club is named, was said to have been given the nickname Hotspur as he dug in his spurs to make his horse go faster as he charged in battles, [[CITE|undefined|]] and he was also said to be fond of fighting cocks fitted with spurs. [[CITE|undefined|]] The club used spurs as a symbol in 1900 which then evolved into a fighting cock. [[CITE|undefined|]] A former player named William James Scott made a bronze cast of a cockerel standing on a football at a cost of £35, and this 9-foot 6 inches emblem figure was then placed on top of the West Stand the end of the 1909–10 season. [[CITE|undefined|]] Since then the cockerel and ball emblem has become a part of the club's identity. [[CITE|undefined|]]

Between 1956 and 2006 Spurs used a faux heraldic shield featuring a number of local landmarks and associations.

In 1983, to overcome unauthorised "pirate" merchandising, the club's badge was altered by adding the two red heraldic lions and the motto scroll. This device appeared on most Spurs' playing kits for the next 23 years.

In 2006 to rebrand and modernise the club's image, the club badge and coat of arms were dumped for a professionally designed logo/emblem. [[CITE|undefined|]] This revamp showed a leaner, fitter cockerel on an old-time football. The club claims that the rebranding kept much of the original meaning of the name, but emphasised its originality. [[CITE|undefined|]]

In November 2013, Tottenham forced non-league club Fleet Spurs to change their badge because its new design was "too similar" to the Tottenham crest. [[CITE|undefined|]]


The first Tottenham kit was in navy blue shirt with a letter H on a scarlet shield with on the left breast.

At the end of the 19th century the club switched colours yet again, to the white shirts and blue shorts which they are now well known for wearing, hence the nickname "Lilywhites".

When Thomson was chosen as kit sponsor in 2002 some Tottenham fans were unhappy as the shirt-front logo was red, the colour of their closest rivals, Arsenal. [[CITE|undefined|]] In 2006, Tottenham then succeeded in securing a record £34 million sponsorship deal with internet casino group [[CITE|undefined|]]

In July 2010 Spurs announced a two-year shirt sponsorship contract with software infrastructure company Autonomy. It was said to be worth £20 million. [[CITE|undefined|]] A month later they unveiled a deal with leading specialist bank and asset management firm Investec as shirt sponsor for the Champions League and domestic cup competitions for the next two years. The deal was worth £5 million. [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]]

In March 2011, Under Armour announced a five-year deal to supply Spurs with shirts and other apparel from the start of 2012–13, but other deal terms were undisclosed. The kit was revealed on 12 July in London [[CITE|undefined|]] and two weeks later the third kit was revealed via the promotion of Electronic Arts'FIFA 13 video game.

1 Only appeared in the Premier League.

2 Aurasma is a subsidiary of the Autonomy Corporation.

3 Hewlett-Packard is the parent company of the Autonomy Corporation and only appeared in the Premier League. AIA appeared in the FA Cup, League Cup and Europa League. [[CITE|undefined|]]


Tottenham Hotspur F.C. became a limited company, The Tottenham Hotspur Football and Athletic Company Ltd, on 2 March 1898 so as to raise funds for the club and limit the personal liability of its members. 8,000 shares were issued at £1 each, although only 1,558 shares were taken up in the first year. [[CITE|undefined|]] Members of the Wale family, who had association with the club since the 1930s and were chairmen of Tottenham Hotspur F.C. in the 1960s and 1970s, were once the largest shareholder of the club. In the early 1980s, cost overruns in the construction of a new West Stand together with the cost of rebuilding the team in previous years led to financial difficulties for the club. In November 1982, Irving Scholar bought 25% of the club for £600,000, and together with Paul Bobroff gained control of the club. [[CITE|undefined|]] Scholar floated Tottenham Hotspur plc, which wholly owns the football club, on the London Stock Exchange in 1983, the first European sports club to be listed in a stock market. [[CITE|undefined|]] The share issue was successful with 3.8 million shares quickly sold. However, ill-judged financial decisions led to accumulating debts, [[CITE|undefined|]] and in June 1991 Terry Venables teamed up with businessman Alan Sugar to buy the club, initially as equal partner with each investing £3.25 million. Sugar however would increase his stake to £8 million by December 1991 and became the dominant partner with effective control of the club. In May 1993, Venables was sacked from the board after a dispute. By 2000, Sugar began to consider selling the club, [[CITE|undefined|]] and in February 2001, he sold the major part of his shareholding to ENIC International Ltd. [[CITE|undefined|]]

Between 2001 and 2011 shares in Tottenham Hotspur F.C. were listed on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM index). The majority shareholder, ENIC International Ltd, is an investment company established by the British billionaire Joe Lewis. Daniel Levy, Lewis's partner at ENIC, is Executive Chairman of the club. They had acquired 29.9% after buying 27% share of the club for £22 million from Sugar in 1991. [[CITE|undefined|]] Shareholding by ENIC increased over the decade through the purchase of the remaining 12% holding of Alan Sugar in 2007 for £25m, [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] and the 9.9% stake belonging to Stelios Haji-Ioannou through Hodram Inc in 2009. On 21 August 2009 the club reported that they had issued a further 30 million shares to fund the initial development costs of the new stadium project, and that 27.8 million of these new shares had been purchased by ENIC. [[CITE|undefined|]] The Annual Report for 2010 indicated that ENIC had acquired 76% of all Ordinary Shares and also held 97% of all convertible redeemable preference shares, equivalent to a holding of 85% of share capital. [[CITE|undefined|]] Following an announcement at the 2011 AGM, in January 2012 the club confirmed that they had been transferred into the private ownership of ENIC. [[CITE|undefined|]]


Tottenham have a large fanbase in the United Kingdom, drawn largely from north London and the Home counties. Five times between 1946 and 1969, Tottenham had the highest average attendance in England. [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] There are also Tottenham supporters' clubs located all over the world. Tottenham were 9th in average attendances for the 2008–09 Premier League season, and 11th for all Premier League seasons. [[CITE|undefined|]] Historical supporters of the club have included such figures as A.J. Ayer. [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] Tottenham supporters have rivalries with several clubs, mainly within the London area. The fiercest of these is with north London rivals Arsenal. They also share notable rivalries with fellow London clubs Chelsea and West Ham United. [[CITE|undefined|]]

The club, as with many clubs in London, has a large Jewish following and this has led to much antisemitic provocation [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] against Tottenham supporters. Tottenham supporters, Jewish and non-Jewish, united against this and adopted the nickname "Yids", developing chants to support this. Some fans view adopting "Yid" as a badge of pride, helping defuse its power as an insult. [[CITE|undefined|]] Today it is mainly used to distinguish Tottenham fans from other football supporters. Others, however, disagree with the use of the phrase "Yid Army", and believe – even if intended endearingly – that use of the word "legitimis[es] references to Jews in football when, frankly, religion, ethnicity or colour should have no place in sport". [[CITE|undefined|]] In April 2011, Jewish comedian, author and Chelsea supporter [[CITE|undefined|]] David Baddiel produced a short film stating that the anti-semitic chanting is as unacceptable as the abuse still suffered by black footballers, and must be stamped out accordingly. [[CITE|undefined|]]

After Spurs completed the Double in 1960–61, the club entered the European Cup for the first time. Their first opponents were Górnik Zabrze the Polish champions and after a hard-fought match Spurs suffered a 4–2 reverse. Tottenham's tough-tackling prompted the Polish press to describe them as "they were no angels". These comments incensed a group of three fans and for the return match at White Hart Lane they dressed as angels wearing white sheets fashioned into togas, sandals, false beards and carrying placards bearing biblical-type slogans. The angels were allowed on the perimeter of the pitch and their fervour whipped up the home fans who responded with a rendition of "Glory Glory Hallelujah", which is still sung on terraces at White Hart Lane and other football grounds. [[CITE|undefined|]] The Lilywhites also responded to the atmosphere to win the tie 8–1. Manager of Spurs, Bill Nicholson, wrote in his autobiography:

Social responsibility

The club through its Community Programme has, since 2006, been working with Haringey Council and the Metropolitan Housing Trust and the local community on developing sports facilities and social programmes which have also been financially supported by Barclays Spaces for Sport and the Football Foundation. [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] The Tottenham Hotspur Foundation received high-level political support from the prime minister when it was launched at 10 Downing Street in February 2007. [[CITE|undefined|]]

In March 2007 the Club announced a partnership with the charity SOS Children's Villages UK. [[CITE|undefined|]] Player fines will go towards this charity's children's village in Rustenburg, South Africa with the funds being used to cover the running costs as well as in support of a variety of community development projects in and around Rustenburg. In the financial year 2006–07, Tottenham topped a league of Premier League charitable donations when viewed both in overall terms [[CITE|undefined|]] and as a percentage of turnover by giving £4,545,889, including a one-off contribution of £4.5 million over four years, to set up the Tottenham Hotspur Foundation. [[CITE|undefined|]] This compared to donations of £9,763 in 2005–06. [[CITE|undefined|]]

This commitment is an example of professional sport supporting the communities and people who support and enrich them through their attendance and other participation and support.

The football club is one of the highest profile participants in the 10:10 project which encourages individuals, businesses and organisations to take action on environmental issues. They joined in 2009 in a commitment to reducing their carbon footprint. To do this they upgraded their lights to more efficient models, they turned down their heating dials and took less short-haul flights among a host of other things. [[CITE|undefined|]] After working with 10:10 for one year, they reported that they had reduced their carbon emissions by an impressive 14%. [[CITE|undefined|]]

In contrast, they have successfully sought the reduction of section 106 planning obligations connected to the redevelopment of the stadium.

Tottenham Hotspur ladies

Tottenham's ladies' team was founded in 1985 as Broxbourne Ladies.


League competitions

  • [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] Winners (2): 1950–51, 1960–61
  • [[CITE|undefined|]] Winners (2): 1919–20, 1949–50

Cup competitions

Statistics and records

Steve Perryman holds the appearance record for Spurs, having played 854 games for the club between 1969 and 1986, of which 655 were league matches. [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] Jimmy Greaves holds the club goal scoring record with 266 goals in 380 league, cup and European appearances. [[CITE|undefined|]]

Tottenham's record league win is 9–0 against Bristol Rovers in the Second Division on 22 October 1977. [[CITE|undefined|]] The club's record cup victory came on 3 February 1960 with a 13–2 win over Crewe Alexandra in the FA Cup. [[CITE|undefined|]] Spurs' biggest top-flight victory came against Wigan Athletic on 22 November 2009, when they won 9–1 with Jermain Defoe scoring five goals. [[CITE|undefined|]] The club's record defeat is an 8–0 loss to 1. FC Köln in the Intertoto Cup on 22 July 1995. [[CITE|undefined|]]

The record home attendance at White Hart Lane was 75,038 on 5 March 1938 in a cup tie against Sunderland. [[CITE|undefined|]] The highest recorded attendances however were at their temporary home Wembley Stadium due to its higher capacity – 85,512 spectators turned up on 2 November 2016 for the 2016–17 UEFA Champions League game against Bayer Leverkusen, [[CITE|undefined|]] while 80,827 attended their home match against Liverpool on 23 October 2017 which is the highest attendance recorded for any Premier League game. [[CITE|undefined|]]


Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Club management and support staff

Club directors

Managers and players

The following players are noted as "greats" for their contributions to the club or have been inducted into the club's Hall of Fame: [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] [[CITE|undefined|]] The most recent additions to the club's Hall of Fame are Steve Perryman and Jimmy Greaves on 20 April 2016. [[CITE|undefined|]]

Player of the Year

Affiliated clubs

  • Internacional [[CITE|undefined|]]
  • San Jose Earthquakes [[CITE|undefined|]]
  • South China [[CITE|undefined|]]
  • Supersport United [[CITE|undefined|]]

See also

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