Tolbiac opened as part of a planned section of Line 7, which was temporarily operated as part of Line 10 until the completion of the under-Seine crossing of line 7 from Pont de Sully to Place Monge. On 7 March 1930 the line was extended from Place d'Italie to Porte de Choisy, including Tolbiac. The station was integrated into line 7 on 26 April 1931. It is named after the Rue de Tolbiac. Tolbiac was the site of a battle near Cologne, where the Franks under Clovis I beat the Alamanni in 496.
The station has 4 exits.