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Thomas Dwight with skull, 1896.
Thomas Dwight with skull, 1896.

Thomas Dwight (1843–1911) was an American physician, anatomist and teacher.


Thomas Dwight was born on October 13, 1843 in Boston, Massachusetts.[1] His father was also named Thomas Dwight (born September 27, 1807), part of the New England Dwight family. His mother was Mary Collins Warren, whose father John Collins Warren (1778 –1856), and grandfather John Warren (1753–1815) were both surgeons.[2]

Dwight joined the Catholic Church in 1856, and graduated from the Harvard Medical School in 1867. After studying abroad, he was instructor in comparative anatomy at Harvard College, 1872–1873, he also lectured at Bowdoin College. He succeeded Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. as Parkman professor of anatomy at Harvard Medical School in 1883. In the Warren Museum of Anatomy at Harvard, Dwight arranged a section of osteology, considered one of the best in existence, and he had an international reputation as an anatomist.[3] Among his writings are: "Frozen Sections of a Child" (1872); "Clinical Atlas of Variations of the Bones of the Hands and Feet" (1907); "Thoughts of a Catholic Anatomist" (1911),[4] a valuable work of Christian apologetics.[5]

Dwight died September 8, 1911 in Nahant, Massachusetts, at age 68.[6][7]

Selected works

  • The Anatomy of the Head [28] . Boston: H.O. Houghton & Company, 1876.
  • Frozen Sections of a Child [29] . New York: William Wood & Company, 1881.
  • Commonplaces of History. Boston: Review Pub. Co., 1900.
  • A Clinical Atlas, Variations of the Bones of the Hands and Feet. [30] Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1907.
  • The Church and Science. Boston: Review Pub. Co., 1908.
  • Thoughts of a Catholic Anatomist. [31] London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1911.
  • Human Anatomy. [32] Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1923.
  • "Remarks on the Brain, Illustrated by the Description of the Brain of a Distinguished Man," [33] Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 13, 1877–1878.
  • "The Significance of Anatomical Anomalies," [34] The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Vol. XI, 1886.
  • "Science or Bumblepuppy," [35] The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Vol. XII, 1887.
  • "The Range of Variation of the Human Shoulder-Blade," [36] The American Naturalist, Vol. 21, No. 7, Jul., 1887.
  • "Anatomy of the Contortionist," [37] Scribner's, April 1889.
  • "What Is Right-Handedness?," [38] Scribner's, April 1891.
  • "Observations on the Psoas Parvus and Pyramidalis. A Study of Variation," [39] Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 31, No. 140, 1893.
  • "Sir Richard Owen," [40] Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 28, 1892–1893.
  • "Reminiscences of Dr. Holmes, as Professor of Anatomy," [41] Scribner's, January 1895.
  • "The Significance of Anomalies," [42] The American Naturalist, Vol. 29, No. 338, 1895.
  • "The Teaching of Anatomy," [43] Science, New Series, Vol. 4, No. 83, 1896.
  • "Anatomy Laws versus Body Snatching," [44] The Forum, December 1896.
  • "Mutations," [45] Science, New Series, Vol. 21, No. 536, 1905.
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