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Renens castle
Renens castle

Renens is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. It is located in the district of Ouest Lausannois, and is a suburb of the city of Lausanne. It is the fourth largest city in the canton.[3] It is considered a very multiethnic town, as more than 50% of the inhabitants are resident foreign nationals from about a hundred different countries.


Renens is first mentioned around 888-896 as in villa Runingis.[3]


Renens has an area, as of 2009, of 2.96–2.95 square kilometers (1.14–1.14 sq mi) (depending on calculation method). Of this area, 0.1 km2 (0.039 sq mi) or 3.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.07 km2 (0.027 sq mi) or 2.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.78 km2 (1.07 sq mi) or 93.9% is settled (buildings or roads).[4]

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 13.9% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 41.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 28.7%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 3.4% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 6.4%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 1.0% is used for growing crops, while 1.7% is used for orchards or vine crops.[4]

The municipality was part of the Lausanne District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and Renens became part of the new district of Ouest Lausannois.[5]

The municipality is the capital of the new district of Ouest lausannois. It is part of the agglomeration of Lausanne, and Lausanne Métro line 1 terminates at Renens railway station. The Swiss Federal Railway line connects Renens to Lausanne more directly, as well as offering some longer-distance trains. Renens is located close to junctions 17 and 18 of the A1 motorway.

Coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, two Pales wavy Argent, Chief of the same.[6]


Renens has a population (as of December 2017) of 21,036.[7] As of 2008, 51.2% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[8] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 14.4%. It has changed at a rate of 10.4% due to migration and at a rate of 5.9% due to births and deaths.[9]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (13,576 or 73.8%), with Italian being second most common (1,214 or 6.6%) and Portuguese being third (810 or 4.4%). There are 567 people who speak German and 11 people who speak Romansh.[10]

Of the population in the municipality 2,992 or about 16.3% were born in Renens and lived there in 2000. There were 4,431 or 24.1% who were born in the same canton, while 2,566 or 13.9% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 7,854 or 42.7% were born outside of Switzerland.[10]

In 2008, there were 92 live births to Swiss citizens and 141 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 108 deaths of Swiss citizens and 29 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 16 while the foreign population increased by 112. There were 3 Swiss men and 3 Swiss women who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 287 non-Swiss men and 286 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 358 and the non-Swiss population increased by 208 people. This represents a population growth rate of 3.1%.[8]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in Renens is; 2,091 children or 10.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 2,102 teenagers or 11.0% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 3,103 people or 16.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 3,009 people or 15.7% are between 30 and 39, 2,931 people or 15.3% are between 40 and 49, and 2,201 people or 11.5% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 1,778 people or 9.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 1,134 people or 5.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 655 people or 3.4% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 118 people or 0.6% who are 90 and older.[11]

As of 2000, there were 7,576 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 8,731 married individuals, 913 widows or widowers and 1,186 individuals who are divorced.[10]

As of 2000, there were 8,196 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.2 persons per household.[9] There were 3,213 households that consist of only one person and 397 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 8,409 households that answered this question, 38.2% were households made up of just one person and there were 51 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 2,034 married couples without children, 2,245 married couples with children There were 494 single parents with a child or children. There were 159 households that were made up of unrelated people and 213 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[10]

In 2000 there were 600 single family homes (or 41.3% of the total) out of a total of 1,452 inhabited buildings. There were 496 multi-family buildings (34.2%), along with 248 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (17.1%) and 108 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (7.4%). Of the single family homes 60 were built before 1919, while 83 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family homes (170) were built between 1981 and 1990. The most multi-family homes (137) were built between 1946 and 1960 and the next most (89) were built before 1919. There were 17 multi-family houses built between 1996 and 2000.[12]

In 2000 there were 8,959 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 3,095. There were 919 single room apartments and 708 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 8,015 apartments (89.5% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 748 apartments (8.3%) were seasonally occupied and 196 apartments (2.2%) were empty.[12] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 0 new units per 1000 residents.[9] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.12%.[9]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][13]


In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 23.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (21.39%), the PdA Party (14.34%) and the Green Party (13.66%). In the federal election, a total of 2,897 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 39.7%.[14]


As of  2010, Renens had an unemployment rate of 7.6%. As of 2008, there were 8 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 1 business involved in this sector. 2,338 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 153 businesses in this sector. 7,493 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 579 businesses in this sector.[9] There were 9,293 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 43.5% of the workforce.

In 2008, the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 8,699. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 7, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 2,245 of which 1,048 or (46.7%) were in manufacturing and 855 (38.1%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 6,447. In the tertiary sector; 1,795 or 27.8% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 1,452 or 22.5% were in the movement and storage of goods, 244 or 3.8% were in a hotel or restaurant, 470 or 7.3% were in the information industry, 735 or 11.4% were the insurance or financial industry, 390 or 6.0% were technical professionals or scientists, 299 or 4.6% were in education and 500 or 7.8% were in health care.[15]

In 2000, there were 7,789 workers who commuted into the municipality and 7,087 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 1.1 workers entering the municipality for every one leaving. About 2.2% of the workforce coming into Renens are coming from outside Switzerland.[16] Of the working population, 31.7% used public transportation to get to work, and 49.8% used a private car.[9]


From the 2000 census, 8,162 or 44.3% were Roman Catholic, while 3,952 or 21.5% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 740 members of an Orthodox church (or about 4.02% of the population), there were 14 individuals (or about 0.08% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 757 individuals (or about 4.11% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 1,662 Muslims (or about 9.03% of the population) and 20 individuals (or about 0.11% of the population) were Jewish . There were 65 individuals who were Buddhist, 159 individuals who were Hindu and 36 individuals who belonged to another church. 1,904 (or about 10.34% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 1,301 individuals (or about 7.07% of the population) did not answer the question.[10]


In Renens about 5,518 or (30.0%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 1,664 or (9.0%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 1,664 who completed tertiary schooling, 42.0% were Swiss men, 21.0% were Swiss women, 24.5% were non-Swiss men and 12.5% were non-Swiss women.[10]

In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 2,355 students in the Renens (VD) school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.[17] During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 803 children of which 502 children (62.5%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 1,329 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 916 students in those schools. There were also 110 students who were home schooled or attended another non-traditional school.[18]

As of 2000, there were 93 students in Renens who came from another municipality, while 1,188 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

Notable people

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