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Pupa (gastropod)
Pupa (gastropod)

Pupa is a genus of small sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Acteonidae.[1]

The genus is named Pupa because the shell of these snails resemble an insect pupa in overall shape. The animal has a large headshield with a deep median slit, separating it into two posteriorly projecting lobes.

Species


According to the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), the following species are included within the genus Pupa:[2]

  • Pupa affinis (Adams, 1854) Distribution : South Africa, Red Sea, Indo-Pacific Length : 11–20 mm Description : cream-colored shell with horizontal spiraled patterns (dark brown, light brown or greenish) without dark borders; sharp apex
  • Pupa alveola (Souverbie, 1863)
  • Pupa coccinata Reeve, 1842 (considered by some to be a color form of Pupa strigosa) Distribution : Japan, tropical Indo-West Pacific Length : 25 mm Description : headshield flaps cover the opening of the mantle cavity; white-colored with many orange-red spots in spiraling bands
  • Pupa davisi Kilburn, 1975 Distribution: South Africa Length : 12.5 mm Description : cream-colored shell with sharp apex.
  • Pupa niecaensis Barnard, 1963
  • Pupa nitulida (Lamarck, 1816) Smooth pink pupa
  • Pupa pascuana Raines, 2002
  • Pupa pudica (Adams, 1854)
  • Pupa reticulata (Martin, 1884)
  • Pupa sekii Habe, 1958
  • Pupa sinica Lin, 1989
  • Pupa solidula Linnaeus, 1758 Solid pupa
  • Pupa strigosa (Gould, 1859)
  • Pupa sulcata (Gmelin, 1791) Furrowed pupa Distribution : cosmopolitan, tropical Indo-Pacific, Kermadec Islands, Japan Length : 10–25 mm Description : intertidal and up to depths of 30 m, burrowing in the sand; lightbrown shell with horizontal darker bands, where the darkest parts form a vertical band; sharp apex
  • Pupa suturalis (Adams, 1854)
  • Pupa tessellata (Reeve, 1842)
  • Pupa tragulata Iredale, 1936
  • Pupa choshiensis (Habe, 1958): synonym of Rictaxiella choshiensis Habe, 1958
  • Pupa detrita L. Pfeiffer, 1854: synonym of Cerion incanum (Leidy, 1851)
  • Pupa flammea (Gmelin, 1791): synonym of Maxacteon flammeus (Bruguière, 1789)
  • Pupa grisebla Röding, 1798: synonym of Pupa solidula (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Pupa incana Leidy, 1851>: synonym of Cerion incanum (Leidy, 1851)
  • Pupa kirki (Hutton, 1873): synonym of Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1855)
  • Pupa nivea (Angas, 1871) synonym of Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1855)
  • Pupa novoseelandica L. Pfeiffer, 1853: synonym of Phenacharopa novoseelandica (L. Pfeiffer, 1853)
  • Pupa roseomaculata Iredale, 1936: synonym of Pupa solidula (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Pupa umbilicata Draparnaud, 1801: synonym of Lauria cylindracea (da Costa, 1778)

The database Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database (OBIS) also includes the following names in current use :[3]

  • Pupa acuta
  • Pupa alba (Hutton, 1873)
  • Pupa cinerea
  • Pupa fraterculus
  • Pupa insculpta
  • Pupa pusilla
  • Pupa strigosa
  • Pupa thaanumi Pilsbry, 1917
  • Pupa alveola Souverbie, 1863 Distribution : Indo-Pacific
  • Pupa choshiensis T. Habe, 1958 Distribution : Japan
  • Pupa cinerea R. B. Watson, 1886 Distribution : Japan
  • Pupa clathrata Yokoyama, 1922 Distribution : Japan
  • Pupa fumata Gould, 1859 Brown Pupa Distribution : tropical, Western Australia, Indo-Pacific Length : 20 mm Description : shell with spiral ribs; patterns of brown or gray spots on a cream-colored background; whorls separated by a white narrow band.
  • Pupa niecaensis K. H. Barnard, 1963 Distribution : South Africa
  • Pupa pudica Adams, 1854 Distribution : Hawaii Length : 7 mm Description : pink-colored elongate shell, with spiral bands of lightbrown patterns.
  • Pupa suturalis A. Adams, 1855 Distribution : Indo-Pacific
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