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North London is an informally and inexactly defined part of London, England which covers some of the area of the capital lying north of the River Thames. North London extends from Clerkenwell and Finsbury on the edge of the City of London financial district, to Greater London's boundary with Hertfordshire. North London is an imprecise description and the area it covers is defined differently for a range of purposes. Common to these definitions is that it includes districts north of the River Thames and is used in comparison with South London. However, it is also often used in comparisons with Central London, East London and West London. There is also a northern postal area but this includes some areas not normally described as part of North London, while excluding many others that are.

Boundary Commission study, 2013


In 2013 the government asked the Boundary Commission for England to reconsider the boundaries of parliamentary constituencies. The Commission's study,[1] was to start with existing regions of England and then group the local authorities within that area into sub-regions for further sub-division. The North London sub-region included all 19 boroughs which lay wholly north of the river. The recommendations of the report were not adopted, and the 2017 study has taken a different approach.

Sub-region


For the purposes of the London Plan, there has been a North London subregion in operation since 2004, originally consisting of Barnet, Enfield, Haringey and Waltham Forest.[2] In 2001 this area had a population of 1,042,000.[3] This definition is used by organisations such as Connexions.[4] In 2008 it was amended to consists of Barnet, Camden, Enfield, Hackney, Haringey, Islington, and Westminster. In 2011 it was amended again to consist Barnet, Enfield and Haringey.

List of boroughs


This list includes all boroughs included in the Boundary Commission area.

Climate


North London has, like other parts of London and the UK in general, a temperate maritime climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. Four Met Office weather stations currently collect climate data for London north of the river: Hampstead, Heathrow, Northolt and St James's Park.[6] Long term climate observations dating back to 1910 are available for Hampstead, which also the most elevated Weather Station in the London area, at 137m. This both hilltop and urban position means severe frosts are rare.

Temperatures increase towards the Thames, firstly because of the urban warming effect of the surrounding area, but secondly due to altitude decreasing towards the river, meaning some of the hillier northern margins of North London are often a degree or so cooler than those areas adjacent to the Thames. Occasionally snow can be seen to lie towards the Chilterns while central London is snow-free.

Typically the warmest day of the year at Hampstead will average 29.3 °C (84.7 °F)[7] with around 14 days[8] in total achieving a value of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or higher.

The average coldest night should fall to −5.6 °C (21.9 °F).[9] On average 35.8 nights[10] will report an air frost, some 119 days[11] of the year will register at least 1mm of precipitation, and on 7.4 days[12] a cover of snow will be observed. All annual averages refer to the observation period 1971–2000.

Associated organisations


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