Metallica earned a growing fan base in the underground music community and won critical acclaim with its first five albums.
Metallica has released ten studio albums, four live albums, a cover album, five extended plays, 39 music videos, and 37 singles.
Metallica was formed in Los Angeles, California, in late 1981 when Danish-born drummer Lars Ulrich placed an advertisement in a Los Angeles newspaper, The Recycler , which read, "Drummer looking for other metal musicians to jam with Tygers of Pan Tang, Diamond Head and Iron Maiden."
Ulrich talked to his friend Ron Quintana, who was brainstorming names for a fanzine.
Metallica was ready to record their debut album, but when Metal Blade was unable to cover the cost, the band began looking for other options.
In May 1983, Metallica traveled to Rochester, New York to record its debut album, Metal Up Your Ass, which was produced by Paul Curcio.
Mustaine, who went on to found Megadeth, has expressed his dislike for Hammett in interviews, saying Hammett "stole" his job.
Because of conflicts with its record label and the distributors' refusal to release an album titled Metal Up Your Ass, the album was renamed Kill 'Em All . It was released on Megaforce Records in the U.S. and on Music for Nations in Europe, and peaked at number 155 on the Billboard 200 in 1986.
Metallica's third studio album, Master of Puppets , was recorded at Sweet Silence Studios and was released in March 1986.
On September 27, 1986, during the European leg of Metallica's Damage, Inc. Tour, members drew cards to determine which bunks on the tour bus they would sleep in.
Burton's death left Metallica's future in doubt.
After Newsted joined Metallica, the band left its El Cerrito practice space—a suburban house formerly rented by sound engineer Mark Whitaker dubbed "the Metalli-mansion"—and relocated to the adjacent cities of Berkeley and Albany before eventually settling in the Marin County city of San Rafael, north of San Francisco.
Metallica finished its tour in the early months of 1987.
Metallica's first studio album since Burton's death, ...And Justice for All , was released in 1988.
In 1989, Metallica received its first Grammy Award nomination for ...And Justice for All in the new Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrument category.
Following the release of ...And Justice for All, Metallica released its debut music video for the song "One", which the band performed in an abandoned warehouse.
In October 1990, Metallica entered One on One Recording's studio in North Hollywood to record its next album.
After almost three years of touring to promote the album Metallica, including a headlining performance at Woodstock '94, Metallica returned to the studio to write and record its sixth studio album.
During early production of the album, the band had recorded enough material to fill a double album.
In 1998, Metallica compiled a double album of cover songs titled Garage Inc. The first disc contained newly recorded covers of songs by Diamond Head, Killing Joke, the Misfits, Thin Lizzy, Mercyful Fate, Black Sabbath, and others.
On April 21 and 22, 1999, Metallica recorded two performances with the San Francisco Symphony conducted by Michael Kamen, who had previously worked with producer Rock on "Nothing Else Matters". Kamen approached Metallica in 1991 with the idea of pairing the band's music with a symphony orchestra.
Ulrich provided a statement to the Senate Judiciary Committee regarding copyright infringement on July 11, 2000.
Newsted left Metallica on January 17, 2001, as plans were being made to enter the recording studio.
For the duration of the recording period, producer Bob Rock played bass on the album and in several live shows at which Metallica performed during that time.
In June 2003, Metallica's eighth studio album, St.
Before the band's set at the 2004 Download Festival, Ulrich was rushed to the hospital after having an anxiety seizure and was unable to perform.
In December 2006, Metallica released a DVD titled The Videos 1989–2004 , which sold 28,000 copies in its first week and entered the Billboard Top Videos chart at number three.
On September 2, 2008, a record store in France began selling copies of Death Magnetic nearly two weeks before its scheduled worldwide release date,  which resulted in the album being made available on peer-to-peer clients.
Death Magnetic debuted at number one in the U.S. selling 490,000 units; Metallica became the first band to have five consecutive studio albums debut at number one in the history of the Billboard 200.
Death Magnetic remained at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart for three consecutive weeks.
On January 14, 2009, it was announced that Metallica would be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on April 4, 2009,  and that former bassist Jason Newsted—who left the band in 2001—would perform with the band at the ceremony.
On November 26, 2010, Metallica released a live EP titled Live at Grimey's , which was recorded in June 2008 at Grimey's Record Store, just before the band's appearance at Bonnaroo Music Festival that year.
In a June 2009 interview with Italy's Rock TV, Ulrich said Metallica was planning to continue touring until August 2010, and that there were no plans for a tenth album.
In an interview at the April 2011 Big Four concert, Robert Trujillo said Metallica will work with Rick Rubin again as producer for the new album and were "really excited to write some new music.
On December 13, 2010, the band announced it would again play as part of the "big four" during the Sonisphere Festival at Knebworth House, Hertfordshire, on July 8, 2011.
On June 15, 2011, Metallica announced that recording sessions with singer-songwriter Lou Reed had concluded.
Metallica was due to make its first appearance in India at the "India Rocks" concert, supporting the 2011 Indian Grand Prix.
On February 7, 2012, Metallica announced that it would start a new music festival called Orion Music + More, which took place on June 23 and 24, 2012, in Atlantic City.
In an interview with Classic Rock on January 8, 2013, Ulrich said regarding the band's upcoming album, "What we're doing now certainly sounds like a continuation [of Death Magnetic ]".
In April 2016, during the week leading up to Record Store Day, for which the band was its ambassador for 2016, Ulrich told Billboard that the band's expanded role within the music industry had played a part in the amount of time that it had taken to write and record the album.
On August 18, 2016, the band announced via their website that their tenth studio album, Hardwired... to Self-Destruct , would be released worldwide on November 18, 2016, via their independent label, Blackened Recordings.
Metallica announced they would be touring the US in summer of 2017 for the WorldWired Tour.
Style and lyrical themes
In 1991, Huey said Metallica with new producer Bob Rock simplified and streamlined its music for a more commercial approach to appeal to mainstream audiences.
St. Anger marked another large change in the band's sound.
Legacy and influence
Metallica has become one of the most influential heavy metal bands of all time, and is credited as one of the "big four" of thrash metal, along with Slayer, Anthrax, and Megadeth.
Jonathan Davis of Korn said he respects Metallica as his favorite band; he said, "I love that they've done things their own way and they've persevered over the years and they're still relevant to this day.
On April 4, 2009, Metallica were inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame.
MTV ranked Metallica the third "Greatest Heavy Metal Band in History".
Kerrang ! released a tribute album titled Master of Puppets: Remastered with the April 8, 2006, edition of the magazine to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Master of Puppets.
On March 7, 1999, Metallica was inducted into the San Francisco Walk of Fame.
The Guitar Hero video game series included several of Metallica's songs.
Awards and nominations
Grammy Awards 
- 1990: Best Metal Performance – "One"
- 1991: Best Metal Performance – "Stone Cold Crazy"
- 1992: Best Metal Performance – Metallica
- 1999: Best Metal Performance – "Better than You"
- 2000: Best Hard Rock Performance – "Whiskey in the Jar"
- 2001: Best Rock Instrumental Performance – "The Call of Ktulu"
- 2004: Best Metal Performance – "St. Anger"
- 2009: Best Metal Performance – "My Apocalypse"
- 2009: Best Recording Package – Death Magnetic 
- Kill 'Em All (1983)
- Ride the Lightning (1984)
- Master of Puppets (1986)
- ...And Justice for All (1988)
- Metallica (1991)
- Load (1996)
- Reload (1997)
- St. Anger (2003)
- Death Magnetic (2008)
- Hardwired... to Self-Destruct (2016)
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Mainstream Rock chart
- List of bands from the San Francisco Bay Area
- List of best-selling music artists
- List of Metallica concert tours
The 1988 re-issue of Kill 'Em All on Elektra Records also charted on the Billboard 200, peaking at number 120.