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Manassas (formerly Manassas Junction) [[CITE|undefined|http://encyclopediavirginia.org/Cities_of_Virginia#its2]] is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 37,821. [[CITE|undefined|http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/51/51683.html]] The city borders Prince William County, and the independent city of Manassas Park, Virginia. The Bureau of Economic Analysis includes both Manassas and Manassas Park with Prince William County for statistical purposes.

Manassas also serves as the seat of Prince William County.

The City of Manassas is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area and it is situated in the Northern Virginia region.

History


In July 1861, the First Battle of Manassas – also known as the First Battle of Bull Run – the first major land battle of the American Civil War, was fought nearby. Manassas commemorated the 150th anniversary of the First Battle of Manassas during July 21–24, 2011. [[CITE|undefined|http://manassascivilwar.org/home.aspx]]

The Second Battle of Manassas (or the Second Battle of Bull Run) was fought near Manassas during August 28–30, 1862. At that time, Manassas Junction was little more than a railroad crossing, but a strategic one, with rails leading to Richmond, Virginia, Washington, D.C., and the Shenandoah Valley. Despite these two Confederate victories, Manassas Junction was in Union hands for most of the war.

Following the war, the crossroads grew into the town of Manassas, which was incorporated in 1873.

The Manassas Historic District, Cannon Branch Fort, Liberia, a plantation house; and the Manassas Industrial School for Colored Youth are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [[CITE|undefined|http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html]]

Geography


Manassas is mainly served by I-66, U.S. 29, Virginia State Route 234 Business and Virginia State Route 28.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles (25.6 km 2 ), of which 9.9 square miles (25.6 km 2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km 2) (0.5%) is water. [[CITE|undefined|https://census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html]]

Manassas uses a council-manager system of government. The current city manager is William Patrick Pate. The current mayor is Harry J. Parrish II. The current vice mayor is Marc Aveni.

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters.

Demographics


According to the census of 2010, the population of the City of Manassas was 37,821 which represented a 7.6% growth in population since the last census in 2000. As of July, 2011, the City’s population is estimated at 39,060. The City is culturally diverse; the 2010 Census reports that 21.4% of the population is Hispanic. The racial breakdown per the 2010 Census for the City is as follows:

  • 61.7% White
  • 15.7% Black
  • 4.9% Asian
  • 14.6% Other

The population density for the city is 3,782.1 people per square mile and there are an estimated 13,103 housing units in the city with an average housing density of 1,310.3 per square mile.

The ACS estimated median household income for the City in 2010 was $70,211.

Politics


For many years, Manassas was one of the more conservative areas of Virginia.

Crime


During the second quarter of 2014, crime in the City of Manassas has decreased by 9 percent.

Crime in Manassas has been rated by Neighborhood Scout to be more dangerous than 63% of all American neighborhoods and 37% safer than all American neighborhoods.

Economy


The Manassas Regional Airport has 26 businesses operating out of the airport property.

The city's third-largest employer is Micron Technology. Headquartered in Boise, Idaho, this manufacturer of semiconductors operates its wafer factory in Manassas, where it employs 1650 people directly, and several hundred others through vendor contracts. Other major employers include Lockheed Martin (1500 employees) and the Novant Prince William Health System (1400 employees).

11% of people working in Manassas live in the city, while 89% commute in.

Transportation


The major roads into and out of Manassas are Virginia State Route 28, Virginia State Route 234 and Virginia State Route 234 Business. I-66 and US-29 service Manassas, but neither passes through the city itself.

Manassas Regional Airport is located within the city limits. The Manassas Regional Airport is the busiest general aviation airport in the Commonwealth of Virginia with more than 415 based aircraft and 26 businesses based onsite ranging from charter companies, avionics, maintenance, flight schools and aircraft services.

Manassas began life as Manassas Junction, so named for the railroad junction between the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and the Manassas Gap Railroad. The O&A owned the railway from Alexandria through Manassas to points south, ending in Orange, Virginia, while the MGRR was an independent line constructed from Manassas Junction through the Manassas Gap westward. In addition Manassas was the site of the first large scale military use of railroad transportation.

These original routes are now owned by the Norfolk Southern railroad. Amtrak and the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) provide regular inter-city and commuter service to the city and surrounding area on the tracks owned by NS. Manassas station is served by VRE and three Amtrak routes - the New York City to Chicago Cardinal, Boston to Roanoke Northeast Regional , and New York to New Orleans Crescent.

The train station was also used for the cover photo for the Manassas (album).

Education


The City of Manassas is served by the Manassas City Public Schools. There are five elementary schools in Manassas, two intermediate school, one middle school, and one high school. In 2006, Mayfield Intermediate School opened, serving students in fifth and sixth grade. Due to growth, Baldwin Intermediate School opened in September 2017, also serving 5th and 6th graders.

Some schools in the Prince William County Public Schools district have Manassas addresses, though they are located, and serve areas, outside the Manassas city limits.

Seton School, a private Roman Catholic junior and senior high school affiliated with the Diocese of Arlington, provides Catholic education from its Manassas location. [[CITE|undefined|https://setonschool.net]] The All Saints Catholic School at the All Saints Parish provides Catholic Education from pre-K through 8th grade. The All Saints Catholic School was a Presidential Blue Ribbon Award winner in 2009. [[CITE|undefined|http://allsaintsvaschool.org]]

Also in the vicinity of Manassas are branch campuses of American Public University System, George Mason University, Northern Virginia Community College, ECPI College of Technology and Strayer University. Despite that some of these may in fact be just outside the city limits in Prince William County, NVCC and Strayer call these branches their "Manassas Campuses."

Public schools in Manassas:

  • Baldwin Elementary School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/baldwines]]
  • Jennie Dean Elementary School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/jenniedeanes]]
  • Richard C. Haydon Elementary School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/haydones]]
  • George C. Round Elementary School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/roundes]]
  • Weems Elementary School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/weemses]]
  • Baldwin Intermediate School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/baldwinis]]
  • Mayfield Intermediate School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/mayfieldis]]
  • Grace E. Metz Middle School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/metzms]]
  • Osbourn High School [[CITE|undefined|https://mcpsva.org/osbournhs]]

Notable people


See also


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