This is a list of political parties in Switzerland.
Switzerland has a multi-party system. Since 1959, the four largest parties have formed a coalition government, according to a Zauberformel or "magic formula". This arithmetic formula divides the seven cabinet seats among representatives of the four largest parties.
Political parties in Switzerland
The following parties are represented either in the Swiss Federal Assembly as of March 2016 or in cantonal parliaments and executive councils. For their names in the 4 national languages of Switzerland, see #Names in the national languages below.
The following groups or parties are not represented at either the cantonal or national level (but may hold positions in municipal parliaments).
Names in the national languages
Sources: The Swiss Federal Chancellery
- Composition of the National Council by political party, 1919–2011
- Composition of the Federal Council by political party, 1919–2017