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The list of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945) contains all universities that were founded in Europe after the French Revolution and before the end of World War II. Universities are regarded as comprising all institutions of higher education recognized as universities by the public or ecclesiastical authorities in charge and authorized to confer academic degrees in more than one faculty.[42] Temporary foundations are also included. Where institutions not meeting the definition of a University are included (e.g. university colleges) these are indicated by footnotes.

At the outset of the 19th century, European universities had been severely affected by the Napoleonic Wars, their number falling in the brief span of time between 1789 and 1815 from 143 to 83.[43] By 1840 their number recovered to 98 universities with approximately 80,000 students and 5,000 professors.[43] Notwithstanding the trend towards specialized institutions of higher learning – in France, for instance, the universities had been suppressed and replaced by Grandes écoles –, the size of the student and professor bodies multiplied over the next hundred years, attaining a size of 600,000 and 32,000 members respectively at around two hundred universities.[43] In total, the period saw about 220 universities in existence that are listed below.[42][1]

List


The list is sorted by the date of recognition. At places where more than one university was established, the name of the institution is given in brackets.

See also


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