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Boundary of Lincoln in <a href="/content/Lincolnshire" style="color:blue">Lincolnshire</a>
Boundary of Lincoln in Lincolnshire

Lincoln is a constituency[1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Karen Lee, a Labour Party politician.[2]

Since the split of the seat City of York with effect from the 2010 general election, Lincoln has been the oldest constituency in continuous existence in the UK – established in 1265. Lincoln was a bellwether between 1974 and 2017. The seat bucked the national Conservative victory in 1970 by electing a Labour MP, as it did in 2017.

Lincoln is the only seat won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 among seven covering its county. Lee's 2017 win was one of 30 net gains of the Labour Party.

The seat has been considered relative to others an ultra-marginal seat, as well as a swing seat, since 2005 as its winner's majority has not exceeded 3.2% of the vote since the 12.5% majority won in 2005 and the seat has changed hands twice since that year.

Boundaries


1918-1950: The County Borough of Lincoln, and the Urban District of Bracebridge.

1950-1974: The County Borough of Lincoln.

1974-1983: As prior but with redrawn boundaries.

1983-1997: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven wards of Bracebridge Heath, North Hykeham Central, North Hykeham North, North Hykeham South, Skellingthorpe, and Waddington West.

1997-2010: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven ward of Bracebridge Heath.

2010–present: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven wards of Bracebridge Heath and Waddington East, and Skellingthorpe.

The constituency, as its name suggests, covers the cathedral city[3] of Lincoln in Lincolnshire, and most of its directly adjoining villages.

History


Lincoln first sent Members to Parliament in 1265, thirty years before the first all-over coverage of cities and qualifying towns was introduced in the Model Parliament, and has done so ever since, although no records exist from before the end of the 13th century. The early elections were held at the Guildhall and the burgesses elected were usually officials of the borough.

The representation, originally two Members ("burgesses"), was reduced to one Member in 1885.

The seat was represented for five years former Cabinet minister Margaret Jackson, later Margaret Beckett.[4] Lincoln became the oldest constituency in the country in 2010 when the City of York constituency was divided.

Constituency profile


The seat includes the University of Lincoln. From 1945 to 1972 Lincoln was continuously held by the Labour Party, often as a safe seat. The city has good transport links with Nottingham, Hull and the smaller ancient market towns in Lincolnshire, such as Spalding, Market Rasen and Boston. Lincoln was a bellwether constituency from October 1974 to 2015, voting for the party which would form the government in each election. In 2017 Labour took the seat despite being the 2nd largest party nationwide.

Members of Parliament


Elections


General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1914/15

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Caused by Palmer's death.
  • Caused by Heneage's resignation.
  • Caused by Sibthorp's death.
  • Caused by Sibthorp's death.
  • Caused by Seely's election being declared void on petition, due to bribery by his agent, on 10 March 1848[49]

See also


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