Kōchi City is also the birthplace of noted revolutionary Sakamoto Ryōma.
Kōchi Prefecture comprises the southwestern part of the island of Shikoku, facing the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Ehime to the north-west and Tokushima to the north-east. It is the largest but least populous of Shikoku's four prefectures. Most of the province is mountainous, and in only a few areas such as around Kōchi and Nakamura is there a coastal plain. Kōchi is famous for its many rivers. Inamura-yama in Tosa-cho is the highest peak in Kōchi prefecture with an altitude of 1,506 meters above sea level.
As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park; Ishizuchi, Muroto-Anan Kaigan, and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and eighteen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Eleven cities are located in Kōchi Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages in each district:
- Agawa District Ino Niyodogawa
- Aki District Geisei Kitagawa Nahari Tano Tōyō Umaji Yasuda
- Hata District Kuroshio Mihara Ōtsuki
- Nagaoka District Motoyama Ōtoyo
- Takaoka District Hidaka Nakatosa Ochi Sakawa Shimanto Tsuno Yusuhara
- Tosa District Ōkawa Tosa
- Kōchi Castle, one of only 12 original castles left in Japan
- Okō Castle, Chōsokabe clan`s prime castle ruins now Kōchi Prefectural Museum of History is on site.
- Ryugado Cave, one of Japan's top three caves
- Shimanto River, the only undammed river in Japan
- Anpanman Museum
The 2013 movie Hospitality Department (Kencho Omotenashi Ka) is set in Kōchi. The film shows views of Kōchi Prefecture.
Like most areas of Japan, Kōchi advertises itself as specialising in a major food item, in this case, Katsuo no Tataki. Katsuo no Tataki is Skipjack Tuna or Bonito, lightly seared. Traditionally this is done over the straw generated as a by-product of the rice harvest. Sawachi is a term which refers to "a style of meal" in Kochi prefecture, according to Kochi-City Tourism Association. It says that the characteristic of the style of eating is "its freeness in the arrangement of food on a large dish" People eat Sawachi in the situation of "Enkai" which refers to a gathering of family, friends and relatives. They surround "Sawachi", feasts on large dishes, and take own portions by themselves. The style represents the cultural climate of Kochi prefecture which hates formal arrangements and respect freedom.
- Yosakoi Festival - Yosakoi (よさこい) is a unique style of dance that originated in Japan and that is performed at festivals and events all over the country.
The sports teams listed below are based in Kōchi.