Legislative elections for the twenty-third Knesset are expected to be held in Israel sometime during the early 2020s. According to the relevant Basic Law, elections must be held no later than the third Tuesday of the Hebrew month of Cheshvan four years after the previous elections, making the latest possible date 31 October 2023. However, elections are almost always held early due to the instability of Israel's system of coalition governments between multiple parties.
The first mention of the possibility of holding the election came on the date of the previous election on 17 September 2019, when Likud MK Yoav Kisch stated that that if incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu did not head the next government, "Israel will go to elections for the third time," in reference to the fact that the 17 September vote had already been the second election in 2019 following Netanyahu's failure to form a government after elections in April.
Israeli commentators expressed strong opposition to the idea of a third election in such a short time span. President Reuven Rivlin said he would try at all costs to avoid calling a third election, and urged the establishment of a national unity government between Netanyahu's Likud and the opposition Blue and White party led by Benny Gantz, which won two more seats than Likud in the September 2019 elections. Gantz concurred and asked Rivlin to ensure such a government would be formed.
The table below lists the parliamentary factions represented in the 22nd Knesset.