In 1997, Houston entrepreneur Bob McNair had a failed bid to bring a National Hockey League (NHL) expansion team to the city, and Bud Adams relocated the city's NFL team, the Houston Oilers, to Nashville where they were renamed the Tennessee Titans.
In order to even out the franchises at 32, the league also contemplated adding another expansion franchise.
The Texans surged as the team to beat in the AFC South in 2012, holding an 11–1 record by week 14.
In 2013, the Texans started 2–0 but went into a tailspin and lost every game afterwards.
The Texans entered the 2014 season with a 14-game losing streak.
In the 2015 season, they were featured on HBO, on the show "Hard Knocks".
On March 2, 2000, Houston NFL 2002 announced that the team name search had been narrowed down to five choices: Apollos, Bobcats, Stallions, Texans, and Wildcatters.
On September 6, 2000, the NFL's 32nd franchise was officially christened the Houston Texans before thousands at a downtown rally in Houston.
Along with the team name, McNair also unveiled the team logo, an abstract depiction of a bull's head, split in such a way to resemble the flag of Texas and the state of Texas, including a lone star to stand for the eye, the five points of which representing pride, courage, strength, tradition and independence.
The Texans' helmet is dark blue with the Texans bull logo.
In 2002, the team wore a patch commemorating their inaugural season.
The team's official mascot is Toro.
The Texans are the youngest franchise in the NFL, having only been competing in the NFL since 2002.
The Tennessee Titans, who were formerly the Houston Oilers before their relocation in the 1990s, are viewed by many Houston fans as the Texans' chief rival.
The Texans have also developed a somewhat close rivalry with the Cincinnati Bengals, starting in 2011, when young Bengals quarterback and Houston-area native Andy Dalton led the Bengals to the playoffs only to be stopped short by the Texans two years in a row.
The Texans also have state border rivalry with the New Orleans Saints, with whom they contest every year (either in the preseason or the regular season).
The Texans also have an intrastate rivalry with the Dallas Cowboys, with whom they contest the so-called Governor's Cup every year (either in the preseason or the regular season) for bragging rights in the state of Texas.
As of the end of the 2016 season, the Texans' overall regular season win-loss record is 106–134 (.442).
The Texans are 3–4 (.429) all-time in playoff games.
As members of the AFC South, the Texans play 6 of their 16 regular season games against other AFC South teams.
As of the end of the 2016 season, there is one team against which the Texans have never lost: the Chicago Bears (4–0).