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General Secretary or First Secretary is the official title of leaders of most Communist political parties. When a Communist party is the ruling party in a Communist-led one-party state, the General Secretary is typically the country's de facto leader—though sometimes this leader also holds state-level positions (such as a presidency or premiership) in order to hold de jure leadership of the state as well. One exception to this rule is the People's Republic of China from 1978 to 1990 where the Chairman and then General Secretary of the Communist Party were subordinate to Deng Xiaoping who was the de facto paramount leader of China.

Leaders of current Communist parties


Leaders of former Communist parties


See also


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