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Floruit (UK: /ˈflɔːruɪt, ˈflɒruɪt/, US: /ˈflɔːrjuɪt/), abbreviated fl. (or occasionally flor.), Latin for "he/she flourished", denotes a date or period during which a person was known to have been alive or active.[1][2] In English, the word may also be used as a noun indicating the time when someone flourished.[1]

Etymology and use


Latin: flōruit is the third-person singular perfect active indicative of the Latin verb flōreō, flōrēre "to bloom, flower, or flourish", from the noun flōs, flōris, "flower".[3][2]

Broadly, the term is employed in reference to the peak of activity for a person, movement, or such.

The term is often used in art history when dating the career of an artist. In this context, it denotes the period of the individual's artistic activity.[5]

In some cases, it can be replaced by the words "active between [date] and [date]", depending on context and if space or style permits.

See also


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