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Everett in winter as viewed from the Whidden Hospital in 2007.
Everett in winter as viewed from the Whidden Hospital in 2007.

Everett is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, directly north of Boston, bordering the neighborhood of Charlestown. The population was 41,667 at the time of the 2010 United States Census.[4]

Everett was the last city in the United States to have a bicameral legislature,[5] which was composed of a seven-member Board of Aldermen and an eighteen-member Common Council. On November 8, 2011, the voters approved a new City Charter that changed the City Council to a unicameral body with eleven members – six ward councilors and five councilors-at-large; an event that provoked an emotional response from many Everett residents. The new City Council was elected during the 2013 City Election.

History


Everett was originally part of Charlestown, and later Malden. It separated from Malden in 1870.[6] In 1892, Everett changed from a town to a city. On December 13, 1892, Alonzo H. Evans defeated George E. Smith to become Everett's first Mayor.[7]

The city was named after Edward Everett,[8] who served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also served as President of Harvard University.[9]

In 1971, Distrigas of Massachusetts begins importing liquefied natural gas (LNG) at its Everett Marine Terminal in the Island End section of Everett.[10] This terminal was the first of its kind in the country.[11]

Everett's business district is focused on Broadway, with many businesses and restaurants long the route. Everett Square is a small bus-hub with bus routes 104, 109, 110, 112 and 97, all served by MBTA. A bus lane exists on Broadway, from Glendale Square (Ferry Street), to Sweetser Circle. The Everett City Hall, Everett Fire Department, Parlin Memorial Library, and a few health centers, businesses and restaurants are centered around Everett Square on Broadway, Norwood St and Chelsea St. Everett Stadium is also near the Square. Route 16 is just south of the Square, allowing quick access to a major highway. Besides Everett Square, Gateway Center just off Route 16 in Everett is a major retail-shopping district, with big stores like Target, The Home Depot, Costco and many more.

On June 23, 2019, the Encore Boston Harbor Casino (formerly called the Wynn Casino and Resort of Boston) opened on a 33-acre parcel of land along Broadway in Everett that had been previously used for industrial purposes along the Mystic River.[12] After a remediation process to clean the site, Wynn Resorts constructed[13] Encore Boston as integrated resort with a hotel, a harborwalk, restaurants, a casino, spa, retail outlets, and meeting and convention space.[14] Public amenities along the year-round harborwalk include a picnic park, paths for bikers and pedestrians, viewing decks, waterfront dining and retail,[15] a performance lawn, floral displays,[16] and boat docks.[17] Wynn Resorts described the $2.6 billion development as "the largest private single-phase construction project in the history of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts."[18]

Everett has an increasing population as people are seeking new households near downtown Boston while not having to pay the higher prices of living now associated with surrounding municipalities, such as those in neighborhoods of Boston, Cambridge, or Somerville.

Geography


Everett is bordered by Malden on the north, Revere on the east, Chelsea on the southeast, Somerville and Medford on the west, Boston and the Mystic River on the south at Charlestown. Everett is a major part of the Port of Boston.

Some of Everett's neighborhoods are Glendale, Woodlawn, the Village, and the Line. Glendale Park is the city's largest park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), of which 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (7.63%) is water.

Demographics


As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,667 people, 15,435 households, and 9,554 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,241.1 people per square mile (4,345.0/km²). There were 15,908 housing units at an average density of 4,701.3 per square mile (1,817.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% Non-Hispanic Whites, 14.3% African American, 4.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, and 3.8% were multiracial. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.1% of the population (9.3% Salvadoran, 3.0% Puerto Rican, 1.1% Colombian, 1.1% Dominican, 1.0% Guatemalan, 0.8% Mexican).[28] The city also has a large number of people of Brazilian and Italian descent.[29] In 2010, 33% of the residents of Everett were born outside the United States. This percentage was around 11% in 1990.[30]

There were 15,435 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.11.

The population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,737. The median income for a family is $49,876. Males had a median income of $36,047 versus $30,764 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,876. About 9.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government


Everett has a mayor-council form of government, where the mayor serves a four-year term. The Everett city council was the last existing bicameral legislature in any American city, consisting of a Board of Aldermen and a Common Council. As of November 8, 2011, it became a unicameral City Council.

The Board of Aldermen consisted of seven members one from each of the City's six wards and one Alderman-at-Large. All Aldermen were elected citywide for a term of two years.

In addition to the duties they shared with the Common Council, the Board of Aldermen was the licensing authority in the City and approved licenses for motor dealers, second-hand dealers, awnings, lodging houses, junk dealers, pool tables, open-air parking lots, coin-operated devices, Lord's Day licenses, antique and precious metal dealers.

The Common Council consisted of three members elected per ward for a total of eighteen members. The Common Council shared equal responsibility for most legislative actions with the exception of licensing and confirmation of most Mayoral appointees.

Education


Everett has eight public schools, which include six elementary schools, five K-8 schools, and one high school, Everett High School. The city also has one Private K-8 school and one high school, Pope John XXIII High School. Everett High School moved to its new location, at 100 Elm Street, beginning in the 2007–2008 school year.

Sites of interest


Part of the historic Revere Beach Parkway listed on the National Register of Historic Places, lies in Everett. On September 16, 2014, the Massachusetts Gaming Commission voted to approve Wynn Resorts’ proposal for a $1.6 billion casino to be located in Everett. It's now owned and operated by Encore, named Encore Boston Harbor Resort, and opened on June 23, 2019. It is partially in Boston.[32]

Industries


The Mystic Generating Station has been producing electricity since the early twentieth century. It was built by Boston Edison and is now operated by Exelon. It has the largest capacity of any electrical plant in the state.

The Leavitt Corporation has been manufacturing its trademark Teddie Peanut Butter in the city since 1924.

Notable people


See also Category:People from Everett, Massachusetts

In popular culture


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