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The Royal Canal passing through Drumcondra
The Royal Canal passing through Drumcondra

Drumcondra (Irish: Droim Conrach, meaning "Conra's Ridge") is a residential area and inner suburb on the Northside of Dublin, Ireland. It is administered by Dublin City Council.[2] The River Tolka and the Royal Canal flow through the area.

History


The village of Drumcondra was the central area of the Parish of Clonturk, and the two names were used equally for the religious and civil parishes, but the new suburban district of Drumcondra now also encompasses the old Parish of St. Mary.

The Cat and Cage Pub on the Drumcondra Road was the site of an old postal stop and the point at which rebels, during the 1798 rebellion, seized a postal cart in order to signal to others in north County Dublin to revolt. The Cat and Cage is located at the corner of Church Avenue.

The Drumcondra, Clonliffe, and Glasnevin Township Act 1878 was a local act of the UK Parliament sponsored by businessmen in Drumcondra to create a township, called Drumcondra, Clonliffe, & Glasnevin, encompassing Drumcondra and the neighbouring districts of Clonliffe and Glasnevin, governed by town commissioners.[3] The portion of the electoral division of Drumcondra outside the township was renamed Drumcondra Rural. The Dublin Boundaries Act 1900 absorbed the township into Dublin county borough as the wards of Drumcondra and Glasnevin.[4] Part of Drumcondra Rural electoral division was transferred to the city in 1930.[5] The remainder was split into Drumcondra Rural Number One and Drumcondra Rural Number Two in 1971.[6]

Transport


  • The district is served by Drumcondra railway station, on the main Drumcondra road. The station initially opened on 1 April 1901 but closed on 1 December 1910[7] with the termination of Kingsbridge (now Heuston Station) to Amiens Street (now Connolly Station) services. Part of the original building was demolished in late 1918. It reopened on 2 March 1998 as a station on the Maynooth/Longford commuter line.
  • The proposed Metro line from Dublin city centre to beyond Dublin Airport is scheduled to be linked with Drumcondra railway station.[8]
  • Many Dublin Bus routes serve the Drumcondra area, such as the 1, 11, 13, 16, 33, 41 and 41C amongst others. In addition the Aircoach express coach service to Dublin Airport stops at the Railway station.

Features


One of the main sights of Dublin is Croke Park, where Ireland's national games of Gaelic football and hurling may be seen. Boasting a capacity for 82,300 people, it is one of the largest sports stadiums in Europe.[9] 'Croker' (as it colloquially known) is the headquarters of the Gaelic Athletic Association and also houses the official GAA Museum (on St Josephs Avenue, which is off Clonliffe Road).[10] The stadium hosts the finals of the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship and All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship. The stadium is a 20-minute walk from Dublin city centre, or a 5-minute bus ride.

Fagan's Public House, Drumcondra Road Lower. Bertie Ahern took U.S. President, Bill Clinton, here in September 1998.

Kennedys Pub on Lower Drumcondra Rd is one of the oldest pubs in Drumcondra, predating Fagans by a number of years. Formerly called McPhilips, it has been named Kennedys since 1961.

Tolka Park the home of League of Ireland side Shelbourne is situated on Richmond Road.

The National Council for the Blind at Whitworth Road, is located near the Church of St. George cemetery.

Notable buildings


Formerly the home of the Coghill family, this Georgian building became the residence of the Superior General of the Irish Christian Brothers and a training centre for the Christian Brothers in 1874. In 1881, the Congregation bought and moved to Marino House, and sold Belvedere House to Cardinal Cullen and St. Patrick's was established shortly afterwards. It then became the President's House of St Patrick's College, Dublin until its incorporation into Dublin City University in 2016.

Originally the site of an Elizabethan castle built circa 1560, the castle built by meath man James Bathe on ecclesiastical land (priory of the holy trinity), granted to him, it was owned for many years by the Bathe family.

In 1591 when the Castle was the residence of Sir WIlliam Warren who had married the widow of John Bathe acquiring the lands in drumcondra, Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone married Mabel Bagenal here after he had eloped with her.

In 1677, James II granted the Drumcondra lands to a Giles Martin. In 1703 it was purchased by Captain Chichester Philips. In 1870 it became St. Joseph's Asylum for the Male Blind when the Carmelites the lands of Drumcondra Castle.[11] The Rosminians were appointed by the Archbishop of Dublin to run services for the Blind in St. Joseph's, Drumcondra, Dublin in 1955, the School, and since 2012 it is known as ChildVision, in 2014 the Rosminian order sold the lands in St. Joseph's, but took out a 25-year lease on the houses and buildings which it will use for ChildVision.[12] The Grace Park Woods housing estate is being built on the former St. Joseph's lands.

Drumcondra House was purchased by Rev. John Hand and in 1842 All Hallows College was established.[11] Daniel O'Connell played a part in the purchase of Drumcondra House for All Hallows, from Dublin Corporation. Designed by the architect Sir Edward Lovett Pearce and was built in 1726 for Sir Marmaduke Coghill, from the nearby Belvedere House. The Cogills rented out the House for a time. All Hallows was sold to Dublin City University by the Vincentian Order in 2016.

For 150 years Hampton House and lands was the Carmelite Monastery of the Incarnation on Grace park Road, an enclosed order of nuns, it is between All Hallows, Griffith Avenue and Grace Park Road. The order who had been based in Blanchardstown purchased Hampton House and moved in in 1858.[13] Prior to it being a convent Hampton Lodge was the residences of Thomas Williams the first secretary of the Bank of Ireland and his wife Mary Ann Williams whose son Richard Williams lived in Drumcondra Castle. The land and buildings were sold by the order in 2016 and were redeveloped as houses and a nursing home.

Education


Two campuses of Dublin City University are located in Drumcondra:

Religion


The oldest church in the district is Drumcondra Church (Church of Ireland), located at the bend of Church Avenue, abutting All Hallows College. Several notable people including Georgian-period architect James Gandon are buried in the adjoining graveyard.

The "Old Church of St. George" was built about 1668 in Lower Temple Street (changed to Hill Street in the 1800s), then a part of Drumcondra. The Tower of the Old Church of St. George can still be seen in Hill Street and its gravestones are around the walls of what is now a playground.[15][16][17][18][19]

The "New Church of St. George" was built on the square further up the road at the end of Temple Street in the early 1800s. The original site acquired for the new church was on Whitworth Road, but then the present site was selected, which at the time was open fields. A temporary chapel was built on the Whitworth Road site and its churchyard was retained when St. George's was completed - this site was later taken over by the Whitworth Hospital (later named Drumcondra Hospital). The gravestones can be seen behind the Hospital.[20][21]

Drumcondra is a parish in the Fingal South West deanery of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dublin, served by the Church of Corpus Christi at Home Farm Road. The palace of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin is situated alongside Clonliffe College (the diocesan seminary). Together they occupy an extensive site bounded by Clonliffe Road and the Drumcondra Road (to the South and West) with the River Tolka at the northern extremity.

The Respond! Housing Association has its Dublin office located in High Park, Drumcondra, where it also runs training courses in Housing and Social care provision.

Graveyards/Cemeteries


There are a number of small burial places in the Drumcondra area

Sport


Drumcondra is home to Croke Park and Tolka Park soccer stadium, the permanent home of Shelbourne F.C. since 1989, 'The Reds' have hosted major European clubs such as Panathinaikos and Steaua Bucharest in the Drumcondra venue. The Club has won the league six times and the FAI Cup four times since moving to Tolka Park. The park was also the base for Drumcondra F.C. (Drums) which was a League of Ireland club from 1928-1972 before it was merged with fellow Dublin club Home Farm, now based in nearby Whitehall. Drumcondra FC, who played their home games at Tolka Park stadium, was a successful side in the post World War II years, winning five Irish league titles between 1948 and 1965 as well as competing in the European Cup and Inter-Cities Fairs Cup on several occasions.[22]

The name lives on today in the shape of Drumcondra FC.[22]

The Ierne Sports Club is situated off Grace Park Road, Rosmini Gaels (GAA) is also based in Drumcondra.

Notable people


See also


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