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The Districts of Ghana are second-level administrative subdivisions of Ghana, below the level of region. There are 216 districts.[1]

History


The districts of Ghana were re-organized in 1988/1989 in an attempt to decentralize the government and to combat the rampant corruption amongst officials. The reform of the late 1980s subdivided the regions of Ghana into 110 districts, where local district assemblies should deal with the local administration. By 2006, an additional 28 districts were created by splitting some of the original 110, bringing their number up to 138. In February 2008, there were more districts created and some were upgraded to municipal status. This brought the final number to 170 districts in Ghana.[2] Since then, a further 46 districts have been added since 28 June 2012 bringing the total to 216 districts.[3]

Types of Districts


Ordinary Districts have a minimum population of seventy-five thousand people.

Municipal Districts have a minimum population of ninety-five thousand people.

Metropolitan Districts have a minimum population of two hundred and fifty thousand people.

Governance and Administration


Districts are governed by District Assemblies, which are established by the Minister of Local Government, and serve as the highest political authority in each district. They consist of:

  • the District Chief Executive, appointed by the President of the Republic
  • one person from each electoral area within the district elected by universal adult suffrage
  • the member or members of Parliament from the constituencies that fall within the area of authority of the District Assembly
  • other members that shall not exceed thirty per cent of the total membership of the District Assembly appointed by the President in consultation with the traditional authorities and other interest groups in the district

The District Chief Executive is appointed by the President of the Republic and serves as the representative of the Central Government in the district. The incumbent presides at meetings of the Executive Committee of the District Assembly, and is responsible for:

  • the day-to-day performance of the executive and administrative functions of the District Assembly
  • the supervision of the departments of the District Assembly and

The Executive Committee exercises the executive and coordinating functions of the District Assembly, and has the following members:

  • the District Chief Executive, who serves as chairperson
  • the chairpersons of the following Sub-Committees of the Executive Committee: Development Planning, Social Services Works Justice and Security Finance and Administration the chairperson of one ad hoc Sub-Committee of the Executive Committee elected by the District Assembly any two other members elected by members of the District Assembly, at least one of whom is a woman

Each District Assembly elects a Presiding Member from among their number, who convenes and presides at meetings of the District Assembly.

As the political and administrative authorities over the districts, the primary function of District Assemblies is to promote local economic development.

The Local Government Act of 2016[4] also tasks District Assemblies to:

  • formulate and execute plans, programs and strategies for the effective mobilization of the resources necessary for the overall development of the district
  • promote and support productive activity and social development in the district and remove any obstacles to initiative and development
  • sponsor the education of students from the district to fill particular manpower needs of the district especially in the social sectors of education and health, making sure that the sponsorship is fairly and equitably balanced between male and female students
  • initiate programs for the development of basic infrastructure and provide municipal works and services in the district
  • be responsible for the development, improvement and management of human settlements and the environment in the district
  • in co-operation with the appropriate national and local security agencies, be responsible for the maintenance of security and public safety in the district
  • ensure ready access to courts in the district for the promotion of justice
  • act to preserve and promote the cultural heritage within the district
  • initiate, sponsor or carry out studies that may be necessary for the discharge of any of their duties

The Act also grants the District Assemblies with the following authorities:

  • Auction sales, as provided by the Auction Sales Act, 1989 (P.N.D.C.L. 230)[5]
  • Liquor licensing, as provided by the Liquor Licensing Act, 1970 (Act 331)[6]
  • Control bushfires, as provided by the Control and Prevention of Bushfires Act, 1990 (P.N.D.C.L. 229)[7]
  • Execute the following provisions of the Criminal Offences Act, 1960 (Act 29) within its district: section 296 in respect of throwing rubbish in the street; and section 300 in respect of stray cattle

List of Districts


The Ashanti Region of Ghana contains the following 43 districts. This is made up of 1 Metropolitan, 7 Municipal and 22 Ordinary districts. They are as follows:[8]

The Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana was created in April 1959. It contains 27 districts. They are made up of 8 municipal and 19 ordinary districts as follows:[9]

The Central Region of Ghana contains 20 districts. These are made up of 1 metropolitan, 6 municipal and 13 ordinary districts as follows:[10]

The Eastern Region of Ghana contains 26 districts made up of 7 municipal and 19 ordinary districts as follows:[11]

The Greater Accra Region of Ghana contains 26 districts made up of 2 metropolitan, 19 municipal and 5 ordinary districts as follows:[12]

The Northern Region of Ghana contains 28 districts. 19 are ordinary districts in addition to 8 municipal and 1 metropolitan districts.:[13]

The North East Region of Ghana was created by a referendum in December 2018. It contains 6 districts of which 4 are ordinary districts in addition to 2 municipal districts:[14]

  • Bunkpurugu-Nyankpanduri District
  • Chereponi District
  • East Mamprusi Municipal Assembly
  • Mamprugu Moaduri District
  • West Mamprusi Municipal District
  • Yunyoo-Nasuan District

The Oti Region was one of the six regions created regions of Ghana in December 2018. Its districts came out of the Volta Region:[15]

The Savannah Region of Ghana contains 7 districts.[16]

The Upper East Region of Ghana contains 13 districts made up of 2 municipal and 11 ordinary districts as follows:[17]

The Upper West Region of Ghana contains 11 districts consisting of 1 municipal and 10 ordinary districts as follows:[18]

The Volta Region of Ghana contains 25 districts made up of 5 municipal and 20 ordinary districts as follows:[19]

The Western Region of Ghana contains 22 districts made up of 1 metropolitan, 2 municipal and 19 ordinary districts as follows:[20]

See also


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