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The coins of the Swiss franc are the official coins used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The name of the subunit is centime in French, Rappen in German, centesimo in Italian, rap in Romansh, and centime internationally.[1][2] There are coins in denominations of 5 centimes, 10 centimes, 20 centimes, ½ franc (50 centimes), 1 franc, 2 francs and 5 francs.[1] In the past, there were also coins of 1 and 2 centimes.

History


The country's name is on all the coins as Confoederatio Helvetica, the Latin name of the Swiss Confederation, or Helvetia.

The oldest Swiss coins valid today are the 10 centimes coins dating back to 1879. They are therefore among the world's oldest coins still valid. To date, they have the same design and the same alloy, 75% copper and 25% nickel. Until 1967, the circulating coins with face values of ½ franc to 5 francs were of silver alloy. These were withdrawn from circulation because the value of the silver in the alloy exceeded its face value.

The 2 centimes coins were made invalid in 1978 and the 1 centime coins in 2007 long after they had fallen out of daily use.

Circulation


Since 2004 the pure nickel 20 centime coins of the years 1881–1938 have been withdrawn from circulation because machines cannot detect them. Today, all the coins except the 5 centime coin (aluminium-bronze since 1981) are in a copper-nickel (cupronickel) alloy. Seven coins are currently in circulation:

Commemorative coins


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