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County Council in Drammen
County Council in Drammen

Buskerud (Urban East Norwegian pronunciation: [²bʉskərʉːd] (listen)) is a county in Norway, bordering Akershus, Oslo, Oppland, Sogn og Fjordane, Hordaland, Telemark and Vestfold. The county extends from the Oslofjord and Drammensfjorden in the southeast to Hardangervidda mountain range in the northwest. The county administration is located in Drammen.[1] Together with Akershus and Østfold, Buskerud will form the new, larger county Viken, from 1 January 2020.[2]

Etymology


The county is named after the old manor Buskerud (Old Norse: Biskupsruð) located on the west side of the Drammen River in Åmot, Modum municipality. The first element is the genitive case of biskup, 'bishop' (referring to the Bishop of Hamar), the last element is ruð n 'clearing, farm'. The farm was one of the largest in Buskerud, and the original name of the farm (before it became a benefice) was probably Modum. At the time of the Reformation (c. 1536–39) the farm became property of the Crown at which time the farm then served as the residence of the king's bailiffs until 1668.[3][4][5]

Geography


Buskerud extends from Hurum at the Oslofjord to the Halling mountains and Hardanger. The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are Hallingdal, Numedal, Ringerike, Lower Buskerud, which was originally part of Vestfold, and Western Vingulmark.

Hallingdal consists of Flå, Nes, Gol, Hemsedal, Ål and Hol.[6] Numedal consists of Flesberg, Rollag and Nore og Uvdal.[7] Ringerike consists of Hole, Krødsherad, Modum, Ringerike and Sigdal. Western Vingulmark consists of Hurum and Røyken.[8][9] Lower Buskerud consists of Drammen, Hurum, Kongsberg, Lier, Nedre Eiker, Røyken and Øvre Eiker. The district is merged from parts that belonged to Vestfold and Vingulmark.[10]

Buskerud's western part is a mountainous plateau with forested valleys and high, grassy pastures; its eastern part contains a lowland basin with many lakes and streams. Tyrifjorden and Krøderen are the biggest lakes. Numedalslågen, the third longest river in Norway, starting in Hordaland, runs through Buskerud unto Vestfold where it reaches the sea, while river Begna sweeps into lake Sperillen.

History


Buskerud was separated from Akershus as an amt of its own in 1685, but the amt was smaller than today. It then consisted of the present districts Eiker, Hallingdal, and Ringerike. The area of the present municipalities of Flesberg, Hurum, Kongsberg, Lier, Nore og Uvdal, Rollag and Røyken were transferred from Akershus amt to Buskerud amt in 1760. The name Buskeruds amt was changed to Buskerud fylke in 1919. The municipality of Skoger was transferred from Vestfold to Buskerud in 1964.[14]

The area Ringerike may once have been a small kingdom. During the 10th century, Norway's kings Olaf Tryggvason and Olaf Haraldsson grew up at Bønsnes in Ringerike. In the valley of Numedal, silver was mined in Kongsberg from the 17th century until discontinued in 1957. Weapons industry had been developed in Kongsberg from 1814, and various high tech industry companies now represent the town's major employers. At Modum there was also Blaafarveværket, a cobalt pigment production works (Blue Colour Works).[15]

Economy


Today, agriculture, lumber, wood-pulp mills and other related industries are the county's main economic activities; ample hydroelectric power is produced by the rivers Begna (Begnaelva) and Rands (Randselva) . Buskerud has also a large forested area. Substantial income is derived from high tech industries located in Kongsberg. Other significant income comes from the cabin areas in northern Buskerud.[16][17]

Coat of arms


Buskerud's coat of arms were adopted in April 1966. It features a blue bear whose colours are symbolic of the blue colour works. The silver background of Buskerud's coat of arms represents the silver industry in Kongsberg.

Notable people from Buskerud


Municipalities


Districts


Cities


Parishes


  • Bakke
  • Bragernes
  • Dagali
  • Drammen
  • Efteløt
  • Eggedal
  • Eiker
  • Fiskum
  • Flesberg
  • Flå
  • Frogner
  • Gol
  • Haug, see Eiker
  • Haug i Norderhov
  • Hedenstad
  • Heggen
  • Hemsedal
  • Hol
  • Hole
  • Holmen
  • Holmsbu
  • Hurum
  • Hval
  • Hønefoss
  • Jondalen
  • Komnes
  • Kongsberg
  • Krødsherad (Krydsherred)
  • Lier
  • Lunder
  • Lyngdal
  • Modum
  • Nedre Eiker
  • Nes (i Hallingdal)
  • Nes (i Ådal)
  • Norderhov
  • Nore
  • Nykirke
  • Opdal
  • Rollag
  • Røyken
  • Sandsvær
  • Sigdal (Holem)
  • Snarum
  • Sollihøgda
  • Strømsø
  • Svene
  • Sylling
  • Tangen
  • Torpo
  • Tranby
  • Tuft
  • Tyristrand
  • Uvdal
  • Veggli
  • Viker
  • Ytre Ådal
  • Ådal
  • Ål
  • Drammen Branch (LDS, 1854-1952)
  • Drammen (Den Katolske Apostoliske Menighet, 1877-1935)
  • Drammen and Oslo (Den Katolske Apostoliske Menighet, 1872-1932)
  • Hurum Branch (LDS, 1855-1867)
  • Kongsberg Branch (LDS, 1939-1948 )

Villages


Former Municipalities


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