The Bernina Range is a mountain range in the Alps of eastern Switzerland and northern Italy. It is considered to be part of the Rhaetian Alps within the Central Eastern Alps. It is one of the highest ranges of the Alps, covered with many glaciers. Piz Bernina (4,049 m (13,284 ft)), its highest peak, is the most easterly four thousand-metre peak in the Alps. The peak in the range which sees the most ascents is Piz Palü.
The Bernina Range is separated from the Albula Range in the north-west by the Maloja Pass and the Upper Engadin valley; from the Livigno Range in the east by the Bernina Pass; from the Bergamo Alps in the south by the Adda valley (Valtellina); and from the Bregaglia Range in the south-west by the Muretto Pass. The Bernina Range is drained by the rivers Adda, Inn and Maira (Mera in Italy).
The term Bernina Alps can also be used in an extended sense to include both the Bernina and Bregaglia ranges; this is the area coloured red on the map (right) and labelled ‘Bernina Alpen’.
The main peaks of the Bernina Range are:
Main glaciers :
- Morteratsch Glacier
- Roseg Glacier
- Tschierva Glacier
- Palü Glacier
- Scerscen Superiore Glacier
- Scerscen Inferiore Glacier
- Fellaria Glacier
Climate change is melting all those glaciers, it can bee seen by comparing those 2 panoramas form 2013 and 2019 :
The main passes of the Bernina Range are:
There are several manned and unmanned mountain huts in the Bernina Range.