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Scleraxonia is a suborder of corals, a member of the phylum Cnidaria.[1]

Characteristics


Members of Scleraxonia have a skeletal axis made of calcified spicules, organic fibres or both, which may be separate, linked or fused together.[2]

Families and genera


There are nine recognised families in this suborder and over thirty genera, with four families (Anthothelidae, Briareidae, Coralliidae and Subergorgiidae) containing some deep-water species and two families (Paragorgiidae and Parisididae) being exclusively deep water.[3]

Families and genera in this suborder include:

  • Anthothelidae Broch, 1916[4] Alertigorgia Kükenthal, 1908 Anthothela Verrill, 1879 Briareopsis Bayer, 1993 Erythropodium Kölliker, 1865 Iciligorgia Duchassaing, 1870 Lateothela Moore, Alderslade & Miller, 2017 Solenocaulon Gray, 1862 Stereogorgia Tubigorgia Pasternak, 1985 Williamsium Moore, Alderslade & Miller, 2017
  • Briareidae Gray, 1859[5] Briareum Blainville, 1834 Lignopsis Perez & Zamponi, 2000 Pseudosuberia Kükenthal, 1919
  • Coralliidae Lamouroux, 1812[6] Corallium Cuvier, 1798 Hemicorallium Gray, 1867 Paracorallium Bayer & Cairns, 2003
  • Melithaeidae Gray, 1870[7] Asperaxis Alderslade, 2007 Melithaea Milne-Edwards, 1857
  • Paragorgiidae Kukenthal, 1916[8] Paragorgia Milne-Edwards, 1857 Sibogagorgia Stiasny, 1937
  • Parisididae Aurivillius, 1931[9] Parisis Verrill, 1864
  • Spongiodermidae Wright & Studer, 1889[10] Callipodium Verrill, 1876 Diodogorgia Kuekenthal, 1919 Homophyton Gray, 1866 Sclerophyton Cairns & Wirshing, 2015 Titanideum Verrill, 1864 Tripalea Bayer, 1955
  • Subergorgiidae Gray, 1859[11] Annella Gray, 1858 Rosgorgia Lopez Gonzalez & Gili, 2001 Subergorgia Gray, 1857
  • Victorgorgiidae Moore, Alderslade & Miller, 2017 Victorgorgia Lopez Gonzalez & Briand, 2002
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