Aloys, full German name: Aloys Joseph Kamill Leopold Michael Anton Maria, Fürst zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (15 September 1871, Kleinheubach, Kingdom of Bavaria – 25 January 1952, Schloss Bronnbach, Bronnbach, Wertheim am Main, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany) was a German politician and the President of the Central Committee of German Catholics. Aloys was a member of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and was Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg from his father's abdication in 1908 until his death on 25 January 1952.
Aloys was the sixth child and second son of Charles, 6th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1834-1921), brother of titular Queen consort of Portugal Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, and his wife Princess Sophie of Liechtenstein (1837-1899). Aloys was a direct male-line descendant of Frederick I, Elector Palatine.
After the completion of his education and a trip to England, Aloys began to assume greater responsibilities as a wealthy nobleman. He began serving as a member of the Württembergian Chamber of Lords (1895), the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (1897), the Bavarian Reichsrat (1909), and the First Chamber of the Diet of the Grand Duchy of Baden (1910). In 1907, his father joined the Dominican Order and became a priest in 1908 after which he relinquished his noble titles and responsibilities to Aloys.
In 1907, Aloys was elected as a representative for the Trier I electoral district in the German Empire's Reichstag in which he served until the dissolution of the empire in 1918. He saw this and his other representative roles as a service to the state, which he rendered by defending the Roman Catholic Church and its goals. He did not, on the other hand, take to the work of a parliamentarian. While he could have chosen to embark on a diplomatic career, due to his previous education and the fact of belonging to the European nobility, he chose not to.
Although he volunteered for the war immediately in 1914, he tried to intervene as a moderating influence in the discussion on war aims; before 1914, he had already criticised German foreign policy as too power-hungry. From 1898, when he succeeded his father in embracing the Catholic lay movement and had served as vice-president of the Katholikentag in Neisse, he was a member of the central committee of German Katholikentage; in 1905 he chaired the Strasbourg Tag himself, thus helping to integrate the Catholics of Alsace-Lotharingia into the German Empire.
One of his primary interests was in missionary activities, and to bring life into this, the Internationales Institut für missionswissenschaftliche Forschungen in Münster (International Institute of missionary research) was founded in 1911 in Münster. Aloys was its president until 1948. To this end, he also promoted the founding of journals.
Aloys was from 1920 the president of the Central Committee of German Catholics. He firmly kept the politics of his time away from the Catholic lay movement. His views on lay ministry, coming from religious faith, corresponded to a patriarchal aristocratic world-view.
Adolf Hitler's rise to power in 1933 made the work of the central committee impossible. German participants were largely unable to attend the planned 1933 Allgemeiner Deutscher Katholikentag in Vienna, due to travel restrictions. For the 1934 Deutscher Katholikentag planned in Gleiwitz, Hermann Göring as Prussian prime minister requested an allegiance oath to the Third Reich; Aloys zu Löwenstein refused and canceled the Katholikentag. It was not until 1948 that another Katholikentag took place, which was to be the last one under Aloys zu Löwenstein's leadership. He handed over the presidency to his son, Karl Friedrich.
Marriage and issue
Aloys married Countess Josephine Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau, daughter of Count Friedrich Karl Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau and his wife Countess Sophie Maria Manuela von Mensdorff-Pouilly, on 27 September 1898 in Adlerkosteletz, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austria–Hungary. Aloys and Josephine had nine children:
- Princess Sophie of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (9 May 1900 – 16 February 1982), married Karl, Count von und zu Eltz gennant Faust von Stromberg
- Princess Agnes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (born 13 July 1902)
- Karl, 8th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (8 February 1904 – 23 August 1990), married Carolina dei Conti Rignon
- Princess Monika of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (25 February 1905 – 28 December 1992), married Erich August, Prince of Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg
- Prince Felix of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (6 April 1907 – 21 October 1986)
- Princess Theresia of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (27 December 1909 – 24 April 2000), married Carl Wolfgang, Count von Ballestrem
- Prince Ferdinand of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (27 December 1909 – 8 February 1990)
- Princess Maria-Anna of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (25 February 1914 – 22 July 2000), married Ferdinand, Count von Magnis
- Prince Johannes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (8 July 1919 – 1 December 2000), married Baroness Christine von Loë
His descendants include Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 15 September 1871 – 1908: His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
- 1908 – 25 January 1952: His Serene Highness The Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg