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Advanced Placement Microeconomics (or AP Microeconomics) is a course offered by the College Board as part of the Advanced Placement Program for high school students interested in college-level coursework in microeconomics and/or gaining advanced standing in college. The course begins with a study of fundamental economic concepts such as scarcity, opportunity costs, production possibilities, specialization, and comparative advantage. Major topics include the nature and functions of product markets; factor markets; and efficiency, equity, and the role of government.[1] AP Microeconomics is often taken in conjunction with or after AP Macroeconomics.

Topics outline and distribution of topics


  • Basic Economic Concepts (8-14%)
  • The Nature and Functions of Product Markets (55-70%)
  • Factor Markets (10-18%)
  • Market Failure and the Role of Government (12-18%)[2]

The exam


  • Multiple Choice [70 minutes, weighted 2/3 (66.7%) of the total exam score]
  • Free-Response [10 minutes of planning then 50 minutes of writing with one longer free-response question and two shorter ones, weighted 1/3 (33.3%) of the total exam score][3]

Grade distribution


74,049 students took the AP Microeconomics exam in 2014.[4]

The exam was first held in 1989, along with Macroeconomics. Grade distributions since 2008 are as follows:

See also


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