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<a href="/content/United_States_Capitol" style="color:blue">United States Capitol</a> (1906)
United States Capitol (1906)

The Fifty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1905, to March 4, 1907, during the fifth and sixth years of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary



This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1906; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1908; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1910.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

  • replacements: 8 Democratic: no net change Republican: no net change
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 9
  • replacements: 17 Democratic: no net change Republican: no net change
  • deaths: 12
  • resignations: 11
  • contested elections: 1
  • new seats: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 26


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (5 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Revision of the Laws
  • Second Class Mail Matter



See also

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