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2024 Summer Olympics
2024 Summer Olympics

The 2024 Summer Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques d'été de 2024), officially known as the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad (French: Jeux de la XXXIIIe Olympiade), and commonly known as Paris 2024, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 26 July to 11 August 2024 in Paris, France.[2]

Having previously hosted the 1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics, Paris will become the second city to host the Olympics three times, along with London (1908, 1948, and 2012). The 2024 Olympiad marks the centennial of the 1924 Games. This will be the sixth overall Olympiad held in France (including summer and winter Games).

Bidding to host these Games began in 2015 with five candidate cities in contention, but Hamburg, Rome, and Budapest withdrew, leaving Paris and Los Angeles as the two candidates remaining. A proposal to elect the 2024 and 2028 Olympic host cities at the same time was approved by an Extraordinary IOC Session on 11 July 2017 in Lausanne.[3] On 31 July 2017, the IOC made a deal with Los Angeles to host the 2028 Summer Olympics, making Paris the host of the 2024 Summer Olympics.[4] The formal announcement of the hosts for both Olympiads took place at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru, on 13 September 2017.[5]

Bidding process


Paris, Hamburg, Budapest, Rome, and Los Angeles were the five candidate cities. However, the process was hit by withdrawals, with political uncertainty and cost cited as deterring bidding cities.[6] Hamburg withdrew its bid on 29 November 2015 after holding a referendum.[7] Rome withdrew its bid on 21 September 2016 citing fiscal difficulties.[8] On 22 February 2017, Budapest withdrew its bid after a petition against the bid collected more signatures than necessary for a referendum.[9][10][11]

Following these withdrawals, the IOC Executive Board met in Lausanne, Switzerland to discuss the 2024 and 2028 bid processes on 9 June 2017.[12] The International Olympic Committee formally proposed electing the 2024 and 2028 Olympic host cities at the same time in 2017, a proposal which was approved by an Extraordinary IOC Session on 11 July 2017 in Lausanne.[3] The IOC set up a process whereby the LA 2024 and Paris 2024 bid committees would meet with the IOC to discuss who would host the 2024 Games, who would host the 2028 Games, and whether it were actually possible to select the host city for both at the same time.[13]

Following the decision to award the 2024 and 2028 Games simultaneously, Paris was understood to be the preferred host for the 2024 Games. On 31 July 2017, the IOC announced Los Angeles as the sole candidate for the 2028 Games, opening Paris up to be confirmed as hosts for the 2024 Games. Both decisions were ratified at the 131st IOC Session on 13 September 2017.[14]

Paris was elected as the host city on September 13, 2017 at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru. The two French IOC members, Guy Drut and Tony Estanguet were ineligible to vote in this host city election under the rules of the Olympic Charter.

Sports


In 2007, the IOC established the concept of Olympics including 28 sports: 25 permanent 'core' sports with 3 additional sports selected for each individual Games. On 8 September 2013, IOC added wrestling to the Olympic programme for the 2020 and 2024 Games, representing one of these additional sports.[15] FILA (now known as United World Wrestling) changed freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling weight classes for men and decreased to 6 categories in order to add more weights for women.[16] However, in August 2016, the IOC added five sports to the 2020 Olympics, with plans to separately evaluate the existing 28 sports.[17] During the 131st IOC Session in September 2017, the IOC approved the 28 sports of the Rio 2016 program for Paris 2024, while also inviting the Paris Organizing Committee to submit up to five additional sports for consideration.[18][19]

In August 2017, the organizing committee announced that it would hold talks with the IOC and professional esports organizations about the possibility of introducing competitive video gaming to the 2024 games.[20][21] However, in July 2018, the IOC confirmed that it would not consider esports for the 2024 Olympics.[22]

On February 21, 2019, the Paris Organizing Committee announced they would propose breakdancing as a new sport for inclusion in the program to the IOC, along with surfing, climbing, and skateboarding, which will debut at the 2020 Summer Olympics.[23][24][22] In June, breakdancing was approved.[25] At the 134th IOC Session in Lausanne, Switzerland, IOC members approved all four sports for inclusion in the 2024 games, subject to final approval by the IOC Executive Board in December 2020.[26][22]

The 2024 Summer Olympic programme is scheduled to feature 28 sports encompassing 319 events, though this is likely to change depending on IOC approval of additional sports in the program. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

  • Aquatics Artistic swimming (2) Diving (8) Swimming (37) Water polo (2)
  • Archery (5)
  • Athletics (48)
  • Badminton (5)
  • Basketball Basketball (2) 3x3 basketball (2)
  • Boxing (13)
  • Breakdancing
  • Canoeing Slalom (4) Sprint (12)
  • Cycling BMX freestyle (2) BMX racing (2) Mountain biking (2) Road (4) Track (12)
  • Equestrian Dressage (2) Eventing (2) Jumping (2)
  • Fencing (12)
  • Field hockey (2)
  • Football (2)
  • Golf (2)
  • Gymnastics Artistic (14) Rhythmic (2) Trampoline (2)
  • Handball (2)
  • Judo (15)
  • Modern pentathlon (2)
  • Rowing (14)
  • Rugby sevens (2)
  • Sailing (10)
  • Shooting (15)
  • Table tennis (5)
  • Taekwondo (8)
  • Tennis (5)
  • Triathlon (3)
  • Volleyball Volleyball (indoor) (2) Beach volleyball (2)
  • Weightlifting (14)
  • Wrestling Freestyle (12) Greco-Roman (6)

Venues


Most of the Olympic events will be held in and around Paris, including the suburbs of Saint-Denis, Le Bourget, Nanterre, Versailles, and Vaires-sur-Marne which is just outside the city environs. The sailing and surfing events will be held in the remote coastal resorts of Marseille and Biarritz respectively. Football will be hosted in various cities around France.

Participating National Olympic Committees


  • France (Host)

Marketing


A call for tenders was launched in October 2018 to create the new Visual identity of Paris 2024, including the logo, the derivative brands, the Olympic torch relay, the graphic Charter for official broadcasters and the programme's dressing cultural accompaniment of the games. The applicants submitted their file on 7 November 2018.[27][28] The emblem will be unveiled sometimes in 2019 or 2020.

To be announced sometimes in early to middle 2022.

Concerns and controversies


In February 2019, a French feminist group called on the organisers of the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Paris to ban the hijab and other items of Islamic clothing during the Games, to ensure female Muslim athletes can compete free from religious restrictions. Annie Sugier, a prominent member of the group, highlighted that the Olympic Charter states no kind of "religious propaganda" is permitted in any Olympic sites, venues or other areas.[29] France as a nation has a tradition of restricting public displays of religion. In 2010, the Government passed a law banning full face veils such as the niqab in public, imposing fines to everyone who break the law. The law caused significant controversy and was challenged at the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), which upheld the ban in 2014.[30] Despite the ECHR ruling, in October 2018, the United Nations declared the law a violation of human rights that risked confining Muslim women to their homes.[31]

Broadcasting rights


See also


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