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Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah

Sheikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah (1895 – 24 November 1965) (Arabic: عبد الله الثالث السالم الصباح‎الشيخ الشيخ) was the eleventh ruler of Kuwait, the first Emir of the State of Kuwait, and Commander-in-chief of Kuwait Military Forces from 29 January 1950 until his death. He was the eldest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah. As the eleventh ruler of the Al Sabah dynasty in Kuwait, he took power after the death of his cousin Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. He also ruled as regent upon the death of his father until the election of Sheikh Ahmad. The anniversary of his coronation, 25 February, serves as Kuwait's national day.[1]

Unlike his predecessors, Abdullah III was more pro-Arab than pro-British. He effectively ended the British "protectorate" status of Kuwait by signing a treaty with the British on 19 June 1961. He is regarded as the founder of modern Kuwait. He introduced the Constitution of Kuwait in 1962, followed by the Parliament in 1963.[2]

Death


Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim died two years later after suffering from a heart attack and was succeeded by his half-brother, Sheikh Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah. He was also the father of Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who ruled briefly in January 2006,[3] Sheikh Khalid Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, and Sheikh Ali Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who is a governor.

Titles:

  • 1895–1938: Sheikh Abdullah bin Salim Al-Sabah
  • 1938–1950: Abdullah bin Salim Al-Sabah, CIE
  • 1950–1952: His Highness Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, CIE
  • 1952–1956: His Highness Sheikh Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, KCMG, CIE
  • 1956–1959: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, KCMG, CIE, KStJ
  • 1959–1961: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, GCMG, CIE, KStJ
  • 1961–1965: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, GCMG, CIE, KStJ

Honours and awards


  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6b/The_Order_of_National_Defence.gif/60px-The_Order_of_National_Defence.gif|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6b/The_Order_of_National_Defence.gif/90px-The_Order_of_National_Defence.gif 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6b/The_Order_of_National_Defence.gif/120px-The_Order_of_National_Defence.gif 2x|The Order of National Defence.gif|h17|w60]] Sovereign Grand Master of the Order of National Defense
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/Military_Duty_Order_%28Kuwait%29.gif/60px-Military_Duty_Order_%28Kuwait%29.gif|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/Military_Duty_Order_%28Kuwait%29.gif/90px-Military_Duty_Order_%28Kuwait%29.gif 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/Military_Duty_Order_%28Kuwait%29.gif/120px-Military_Duty_Order_%28Kuwait%29.gif 2x|Military Duty Order (Kuwait).gif|h17|w60]] Sovereign Grand Master of the Military Duty Order
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Order_of_the_Indian_Empire_Ribbon.svg/60px-Order_of_the_Indian_Empire_Ribbon.svg.png|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Order_of_the_Indian_Empire_Ribbon.svg/90px-Order_of_the_Indian_Empire_Ribbon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Order_of_the_Indian_Empire_Ribbon.svg/120px-Order_of_the_Indian_Empire_Ribbon.svg.png 2x|Order of the Indian Empire Ribbon.svg|h17|w60]] Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (1938)
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/03/UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg/60px-UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg.png|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/03/UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg/90px-UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/03/UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg/120px-UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg.png 2x|UK Order St-Michael St-George ribbon.svg|h17|w60]] Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (1952)
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/ba/Legion_Honneur_GC_ribbon.svg/60px-Legion_Honneur_GC_ribbon.svg.png|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/ba/Legion_Honneur_GC_ribbon.svg/90px-Legion_Honneur_GC_ribbon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/ba/Legion_Honneur_GC_ribbon.svg/120px-Legion_Honneur_GC_ribbon.svg.png 2x|Legion Honneur GC ribbon.svg|h17|w60]] Grand-Croix Order of the Legion d'Honneur (France, 1952)
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Ord.2River-ribbon.gif/60px-Ord.2River-ribbon.gif|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Ord.2River-ribbon.gif/90px-Ord.2River-ribbon.gif 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Ord.2River-ribbon.gif 2x|Ord.2River-ribbon.gif|h18|w60]] Order of the Two Rivers, 1st class (Kingdom of Iraq, 1952)
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5e/Ribbon_-_QE_II_Coronation_Medal.png/60px-Ribbon_-_QE_II_Coronation_Medal.png|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5e/Ribbon_-_QE_II_Coronation_Medal.png/90px-Ribbon_-_QE_II_Coronation_Medal.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5e/Ribbon_-_QE_II_Coronation_Medal.png/120px-Ribbon_-_QE_II_Coronation_Medal.png 2x|Ribbon - QE II Coronation Medal.png|h18|w60]] Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal (1953)
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/20/Order_of_St_John_%28UK%29_ribbon.png/60px-Order_of_St_John_%28UK%29_ribbon.png|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/20/Order_of_St_John_%28UK%29_ribbon.png/90px-Order_of_St_John_%28UK%29_ribbon.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Order_of_St_John_%28UK%29_ribbon.png 2x|Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png|h18|w60]] Knight of the Order of St John (1956)
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Order_of_the_Crown_%28Iran%29_-_ribbon_bar.gif/60px-Order_of_the_Crown_%28Iran%29_-_ribbon_bar.gif|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Order_of_the_Crown_%28Iran%29_-_ribbon_bar.gif/90px-Order_of_the_Crown_%28Iran%29_-_ribbon_bar.gif 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Order_of_the_Crown_%28Iran%29_-_ribbon_bar.gif/120px-Order_of_the_Crown_%28Iran%29_-_ribbon_bar.gif 2x|Order of the Crown (Iran) - ribbon bar.gif|h17|w60]] Order of the Crown, 1st Class (Empire of Iran, 1958)
  • [[INLINE_IMAGE|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/03/UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg/60px-UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg.png|//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/03/UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg/90px-UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/03/UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg/120px-UK_Order_St-Michael_St-George_ribbon.svg.png 2x|UK Order St-Michael St-George ribbon.svg|h17|w60]] Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (1959)
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