Eugène Martineau may refer to:
Eugene Martineau (athlete)
Eugène Martineau (athlete)
Eugène Julien Martineau (born 14 May 1980 in Heerlen, Limburg ) is a Dutch decathlete.
Eugène Martineau (politician)
Eugène Martineau (1837–1880) was mayor of Ottawa from 1872–1873, the first francophone mayor for Ottawa after the town's name was changed from Bytown.